The Prevention of Chilblains - Local Remedies - Unbroken Chilblains and their Cure__the

Painful Broken Chilblain - When to Consult a Doctor

The real remedy and prevention of chil-blains is to improve the general health and circulation, for "quick" remedies do not, as a rule, remove the cause.

People with fine skins are most liable to chilblains, especially if the circulation be poor, and where there is such predisposition certain precautions need to be taken.

The skin should be helped to resist cold; at the same time sudden changes of temperature are to be avoided. Woollen sleeping-socks, knitted gloves (unless silk ones are worn beneath), fur-lined slippers, and hot-water bottles must be banished, and warmth obtained by exercise or rubbing.

Bathe the feet and hands every morning in water to which has been added a handful of sea-salt, and dry by vigorous rubbing with a rough towel. If cold is felt during the day, avoid the sudden heat of a fire, but warm gradually by rubbing the hands and walking about.

Some Useful Recipes

Tender hands and feet, with which are often associated excessive perspiration, need a little regular treatment to help them resist chilblains. Dust a little boracic powder in the stockings, and rub the hands with a lotion made of equal parts of lemon-juice and glycerine, to which may be added a little rectified spirits.

But if, in spite of care, signs of chilblains appear, and the skin swells and reddens, and the characteristic sense of heat and irritation is felt, rub the part with brandy, a cut lemon, spirits of camphor, turpentine, olive oil, or soap liniment.

Even paraffin oil applied with a camel-hair brush on the appearance of the first symptom of chilblain is often effectual.

A good lotion for unbroken chilblains is :

Tincture of iodine . . .. 2 drachms Chlorinated solution of soda 6

Apply three or four times a day and dry in before the fire.

Collodion (pyroxylin dissolved in ether) or iodine may be applied to unbroken chilblains, and colourless iodine, which, however, is not so strong as the yellow, can be obtained for use on the hands.

Monin gives a recipe for an ointment which can be used on the nose or ears :

Cocoa butter

40 grammes

Hazelnut oil

10

Citric acid

50 centigrammes

White precipitate ..

30

Tincture of musk ..

20 drops

Mix. Use as an ointment on the part affected three times a day, preceded by warm lotions of walnut-leaf water.

One user of this remedy pronounced it to be " no good," whilst another said it was excellent, and it would certainly seem that one reason why there are so many remedies for chilblains extant is the fact that some people are benefited by that which fails to affect others.

A camphor lotion made as under is often of great service :

Spirit of camphor......................

1 ounce

Oil of cajeput ......

1 drachm

Best turpentine......

2 ounces

Shake until intimately blended. Apply two or three times daily.

If an ointment is preferred, mix one drachm of camphor in an ounce of lanoline.

A liniment which has been a great favourite as a home remedy is composed of equal parts of white vinegar and spirits of turpentine, with beaten egg to equal a third part of the ensuing concoction. The mixture should be well shaken, and the unbroken chilblains rubbed gently with the palm of the hand moistened with the liniment.

When the snow is on the ground, rub frost-bites and unbroken chilblains with snow.

Broken Chilblains

A broken chilblain is extremely painful, and in some forms must be submitted to a doctor's care. The ordinary dusky red spots which become aggravated until the skin bursts are familiar enough, and are generally relieved by the application of a bread poultice. The poultice may be followed by the application of an ointment of Peruvian balsam and castor oil in equal parts with good results. Apply with a bit of soft linen or lint.

Another really good ointment is : Put into a jar, standing in a saucepan of boiling water, three drachms of almond oil and a quarter of a drachm of carbolic acid crystals. When dissolved, add one and a half ounces of benzoated lard, and then two drachms of finely powdered and sifted oxide of zinc. When completely dissolved, remove the jar from the saucepan and stand in a cool place. stirring all the while and in one direction till the ointment is cold.

Should chilblains not yield to the simple lines of treatment indicated, medical advice should be obtained. The persistence of the trouble points to a general want of tone and poor circulation.

By H. Pearl Adam

Caroline Ferdinande Louise de Bour-bon, Princess of Naples and Sicily, Countess Lucchesi, was born at Naples on November 5, 1798, the daughter of the eldest son of the King of the Two Sicilies. Her life was packed with all the adventure of a time when the map of Europe changed frequently, and when the stability of thrones was easily upset by bold, dashing, and romantic pretenders.

Her Childhood

She was born into a troubled world at Naples, and when she was but two months old her parents were forced by the fires of revolution to flee to Sicily. The family was brought to Palermo by Lord Nelson, on board an English warship. By 1801 all was quiet again in Naples, and they returned, but in the meantime Caroline had lost her mother, the Princess Clementine. Not long afterwards, the Prince Royal married a second wife, the fourteen-year-old Infanta of Spain.

When Caroline was eight years old, flight to Sicily again became imperative, and the Royal Family crossed the straits in a terrible storm, many of their ships being wrecked, and much furniture and clothing lost. The Prince and Princess Royal took a farm, and spent much of their time in agricultural pursuits. Caroline saw little of her father and her stepmother, whose days were largely given up to sport, and evenings to balls and other festivities in Palermo. Consequently, Caroline was more often to be seen at one or other of her grandfather's delightful seats, where she passed many happy hours, for her grandmother and her aunts were passionately fond of her, partly because she was the child of their much-loved Clementine. The loss of her grandmother, when she was fourteen years old, was the first great sorrow of her life. In her, as she said, " I lost a support, a mother."