Bunch medium to large, compact, usually shouldered; berry large, round, bright wine-red in color. Flesh tender, juicy, sprightly, pure flavored; quality very good. A seedling of Delaware of much promise in the South, and brief trials farther North are favorable. Missouri.


Bunches large, shouldered, not very compact; berry medium to large, round; color pale, becoming darker at full maturity, with bluish white bloom. Flesh greenish white, very juicy, vinous, quality nearly best. Grown quite widely, but in a small way. New York. Labrusca.


Grape: Iona


Bunch very large, shouldered, compact; berry larger than Concord, yellowish white in color, tinged with pink when fully ripe. Flesh vinous, sweet, but not rich in flavor. Season, later than Isabella, hence it is mainly grown in the South. A hybrid of Concord crossed with White Frontignan. New York.


Bunch quite large, shouldered, rather loose; berry large, oval; color dark purple, and nearly black when fully ripe, with blue bloom. Flesh tender, juicy, sweet, rich, with trace of muski-ness; quality very good. Oldest American grape of good quality, and still largely planted in Colorada, Utah, and other States with quite long seasons. South Carolina.

Isabella Regia

Of this variety, now grown in California, Prof. Hilgard says: "A remarkable giant-leaved and very prolific sport of the Isabella, originating by bud-variation with Mr. J. P. Pierce of Santa Clara. The berries, like the leaves, are of extraordinary size, and when ripe the fruit is exceedingly sweet and strongly aromatic. It is therefore accepted as a showy perfumed table grape on the west coast. The berries are too soft for shipment to any distance, but, all things considered, keep fairly well." This has proven profitable east of the mountains, where the Isabella thrives, so far as tested.

Ives (Ives' Seedling)

Bunch medium, compact, shouldered; berry medium, roundish oval; color black. Flesh sweet, pulpy, and quite foxy until fully ripe. It has proven most profitable as a market variety in New Jersey and South, where the seasons are long enough to ripen it fully. When fully ripe it also is used extensively in wine-making. Labrusca.