Section 280 of Part I gives an outline of cranberry culture in the States. Although a native wild fruit, it may be said that it has become as much of a staple in every grocery of the States as the apple or orange. The large cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) is now cultivated on thousands of acres of sandy swampy land, not fitted for growing other crops as a rule. The Low-bush cranberry (Vaccinium vitis Idoea) is gathered in Nova Scotia and other coast and lake sections as found in a wild state, but it is nowhere cultivated. The cultivated varieties are divided into classes in describing. The Bell class or type has a decided bell-shape; the Bugle type resembles the bugle-head, and the Cherry is nearly round. In cranberry-growing centers names are given to the best varieties, but these names are local and we have no definite descriptions; yet in Massachusetts, New Jersey, and at Cape Cod a few varieties have become commercial.

Cranberry: Bell Type

Bell Type. Bugle Type.

Some Leading Cranberry Varieties


Large, bugle-shaped; color bright scarlet. Popular in New Jersey.

Early Black

Large, bell-shaped; color purple black. Season, much earlier than other varieties. A favorite market variety in Massachusetts.

Early Red

Medium-sized, bell-shaped; color bright red. Grown in New Jersey and at Cape Cod. Season, quite early.


Medium, bell-shaped; color bright purple; medium early. Grown in New Jersey and Massachusetts.


This is now a leading commercial variety in Massachusetts, but no description is at hand.


Medium, bell-shaped; color glossy scarlet. Season, medium early. A popular market variety of New Jersey.


Very large, oval; color dark red. A leading variety in Massachusetts.


Very large, roundish; color bright-rose purple. Season, early. A leading New Jersey variety.


A leading variety at Cape Cod and in Massachusetts; no description is at hand.