When I was in Singapore I found Vanda teres was brought down from Burmah in trading vessels and sold to the residents as a popular hardy flower for their gardens. I need scarcely say that Singapore possesses a tropical climate - a mean of 82°, I believe - so that all our Crotons and Dracaenas and other stove shrubs from both hemispheres grow there in the open borders and beds just like Phloxes and Delphiniums here in England. I was in the Botanical Gardens out at Tanglin one day, and saw in the distance a mass of flowers dancing in the hot wind. Seeing numerous stakes to the plants, and their lilac flowers, they reminded me of a mass of Sweet Peas in a sheltered home garden. "What is the pretty mass of lilac yonder?" I asked. "Oh," replied the curator, "that is Vanda teres !" Planted out in the ordinary red loam of the island, it grew up the stout stakes, adhering by its numerous aerial roots as Sweet Peas or Vines cling by their tendrils : there it was in glorious flower, masses of it seven feet in height, and wide in proportion - a sight to delight any one who only previously knew of Vanda teres as cramped in a pot, scorching and starved under a glaring roof of glass.

Of other things which suggested themselves to my mind as I saw Orchids of this and many other kinds growing in trees in Eastern gardens, and on trees in the forest-wilds, nothing was so fully impressed as the great fact that nature everywhere gives air in abundance, and always at night a comparatively cool and moist, if not actually wet, climate. Tropical Orchids often experience the rudest of winds and the pelting of the heaviest of rains. At night especially, heavy rains are most usual - if not heavy rain, copious dews are ever the rule. So heavy are these dews, that one is drenched to the skin in ten minutes if you venture into the jungle in the early morning - every leaf, every grass blade, being laden with big drops of condensed moisture. Hence it is that abundance of fresh air and a moisture-laden atmosphere (especially at night, or during seasons when dry fire-heat must especially be employed) are of all things the most essential to the permanent wellbeing of Orchids and all other tropical plants. The great fact of most tropical rain falling after sunset has not yet been fully felt and appreciated by cultivators.

Coolness and moisture at night is nature's great law, and those cultivators who neglect to obey it will have an uphill fight to the last.

Of the new race of summer-blooming Chrysanthemums too much cannot be said. They are easily propagated either by cuttings or division in the spring. Once well planted, they will grow throughout the summer with as little care and attention as a Phlox or a Michaelmas Daisy; and then we are quite certain of their affording a fine display of bright-coloured flowers from the end of July until the frost cuts them off in November or December. In pots they are as useful as the late-blooming kinds for conservatory decoration indoors. As border flowers, however, they are most effective. The varieties we have now in bloom are Golden Madame Domage (yellow), White Queen and St Mary (white), Scarlet Gem (bright red), Madame Pecaul (purple), Illustration, and several others unnamed. As is also the case with the late-blooming section, we find that young plants propagated in late autumn, or early in the year from cuttings, are the best. In May last Mr Robertson Munro sent us a dozen sorts - rooted cuttings; these planted at once in a deep rich border are now in fine flower, and are admired by all our visitors, to most of whom they are quite a novelty.

To those who are anxious to cultivate Lilies, or indeed most other bulbous-rooted plants, this season of the year is of especial interest. October is perhaps, of all months of the year, the one most suitable for planting Lilies and other bulbs. Our own best results in Lily culture have been obtained by planting and repotting all Lily bulbs this month. Just as the leaves turn yellow all Lilies may be most safely removed, as their young roots have then scarcely protruded into the earth, and are ready to do so as soon as fresh compost is added to them. Of Lilies not generally met with even in good gardens there are one or two worthy of especial note. L. Browni is especially beautiful with its purple-backed tube and silvery-white lining. L. martagon (Dal-maticum) catani - a purple-black-flowered Martagon with a stem seven feet in height, and bearing a spire of twenty to thirty turn-cap flowers - is, when well established, one of the finest of all good Lilies.

Of all annuals, the biggest and brightest, the largest-flowered and the stateliest, the tallest and the most easily grown, is the Common Sunflower and its numerous varieties. Just now, too, it is most fashionable. Whether' tis its grace of slender stem, or its rich Daffodil-like yellowness of hue, which has most contributed to this, I know not. What I do know is, that the Oscar Wilds and Mrs Cimabue Brownes of society have made an especial protege of it, and artistic people generally are now mad after its big blossoms, which they are busily trying to represent in all sorts of material, plastic and textile. They are now at this moment, and long have been, a great feature in our dear old garden. They tower aloft over Phloxes and Bell-flowers, but not above the tops of 14-feet-high old grey walls, which afford a pleasing background for the massive leaves and gold-fringed discs as they glisten and wave in the autumnal sunshine. Formerly a common flower beside honeysuckled cottage-windows, it is now rarely seen in even the best of gardens.

Birket Foster often represents it along with happy groups of ruddy-cheeked children; and now we look to the Frank Miles and Alfred Parsons of our time to show on canvas the glory of the great gold-rayed Sunflower, as now so lovely in our gardens.

Now is a good time to insert cuttings of Pentstemons, Pansies, Veronicas, Phloxes, and other half-hardy flowers for next spring and summer blooming. Seeds of many good strains of Canterbury Bells, Sweet-Williams, Delphiniums, etc, will also now be ripe, and should be gathered, and either sown at once in boxes in a cold frame, or preserved in packets until next spring.

Of choice bulbs for present planting, there are one or two of especial interest, perfectly hardy at Dublin, and worth making note of. Amaryllis formosissima does well planted on a rubble bottom near a south or south-east wall. Hyacinthus candicans planted deeply in very light soil (leaf-mould and sand is best) grows well, and affords fine spikes. Tiger-flowers are gorgeous, although now seldom seen. We find they succeed much better treated as hardy bulbs by planting in October, than when planted in spring after being stored in a shed all the winter. They, like Belladonna Lilies and the Jacobean Lily (a formosissima) before mentioned, should be deeply planted on a well-drained border, close to a warm plant-house wall with a sunny-exposure.

Next April and May hundreds of people will be delighted with the lovely flowers of the blue Siberian Squill (Scilla siberica), the golden chalices of the Hooped Petticoat Narcissus (Narcissus bulbo-codium), or the vivid blue white-eyed flowers of the "Snow Glory" (Chionodoxa lucilliae). Then the exclamation is, "Oh, how lovely ! I wish you would tell us how we may grow these in our own garden!" The right way is to obtain bulbs at this season, and to plant them carefully in light sandy earth, placing a little silver sand around the bulbs, and burying them 4 to 6 inches below ground-level. A coating of leaf-mould preserves them from frost, and enriches the earth likewise. All the above are now to be purchased at a moderate price by the dozen, or hundred. The Chionodoxa last season fetched 5s. per bulb, and is now offered at 20s. to 30s. per 100. Narcissus bulbocodium, one of the best of bulbs for flowering in pots in a cold frame, is offered at 15s. per 100, and the Siberian Squill at 5s. to 7s. 6d. per 100. All are fine for pots, but any attempt to force them early is fatal to their beauty.