This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V26", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
At the re-1 cent meeting held in Philadelphia, Mr. J. B. Rogers, of New Jersey, made the following motion which was unanimously adopted: "That the Secretary of this Society be instructed, at an early day to send copies of our rules and the portion of the President's address referring to the names of fruits, to all kindred societies in America." Marshall P. Wilder, President, Boston, Mass.; W. J. Beal, Secretary, Lansing, Mich.
The rules adopted, and the portion of the President's address referred to in the vote, are as follows:
Rule I. The originator or introducer (in the order named) has the prior right to bestow a name upon a new or unnamed fruit.
Rule 2. The Society reserves the right, in case of long, inappropriate, or otherwise objectionable names, to shorten, modify, or wholly change the same, when they shall occur in its discussions or reports; and also to recommend such changes for general adoption.
Rule 3. The names of fruits should, preferably, express, as far as practicable by a single word, the characteristics of the variety, the name of the originator or the place of its origin. Under no ordinary circumstances should more than a single word be employed.
Rule 4. Should the question of priority arise between different names for the same variety of fruit, other circumstances being equal, the name first publicly bestowed will be given precedence.
Rule 5. To entitle a new fruit to the award or commendation of the Society, it must possess (at least for the locality for which it is recommended) some valuable or desirable quality or combination of qualities, in a higher degree than any previously known variety of its class and season.
Rule 6. A variety of fruit, having been once exhibited, examined, and reported upon, as a new fruit, by a committee of the Society, will not, thereafter, be recognized as such, so far as subsequent reports are concerned.
Rule 1. A plate of fruit must contain six specimens, no more, no less, except in the case of single varieties, not included in collections.
Rule 2. To insure examination by the proper committees, all fruits must be correctly and distinctly labeled, and placed upon the tables during the first day of the exhibition.
Rule 3. The duplication of varieties in a collection will not be permitted.
Rule 4. In all cases of fruits intended to be examined and reported by committees, the name of the exhibitor, together with a complete list of the varieties exhibited by him, must be delivered to the Secretary of the Society on or before the first day of the exhibition.
Rule 5. The exhibitor will receive from the Secretary an entry card, which must be placed with the exhibit, when arranged for exhibition, for the guidance of committees.
Rule 6. All articles placed upon the tables for exhibition must remain in charge of the Society till the close of the exhibition, to be removed sooner only upon express permission of the person or persons in charge.
Rule 7. Fruits or other articles intended for testing, or to be given away to visitors, spectators, or others, will be assigned a separate hall, room, or tent, in which they may be dispensed at the pleasure of the exhibitor, who will not, however, be permitted to sell and deliver articles therein, nor to call attention to them in a boisterous or disorderly manner.
Rule 1. It shall be the duty of the President, at the first session of the Society, on the first day of an exhibition of fruits, to appoint a committee of five expert pomologists, whose duty it shall be to supervise the nomenclature of the fruits on exhibition, and in case of error to correct the same.
Rule 2. In making the necessary corrections they shall, for the convenience of examining and awarding committees, do the same at as early a period as practicable, and in making such corrections they shall use cards readily distinguishable from those used as labels by exhibitors, appending a mark of doubtfulness in case of uncertainty.
Rule 1. In estimating the comparative values of collections of fruits, committees are instructed to base such estimates strictly upon the varieties in such collections which shall have been correctly named by the exhibitor, prior to action thereon by the committee on nomenclature.
Rule 2. In instituting such comparison of values, committees are instructed to consider: - 1st, the values of the varieties for the purposes to which they may be adapted: 2d, the color, size, and evenness of the specimens; 3rd, their freedom from the marks of insects and other blemishes; 4th, the apparent carefulness in handling, and the taste displayed in the arrangement of the exhibit.
First, second and third premiums of $100, $50, and $25, for three general classes of floral designs, with $50 and $25 for a great variety of other things, in all nearly $1000, were offered by the New York Horticultural Society for their December exhibition.