This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
It will be perceived by our advertising columns, is for sale only by the agent, Andrew Bridgeman, 878 Broadway, New York.
Dear Sir: - My poor Delaware Grape is dead! It was a nice layer, carefully separated from the parent vine, and presented to me by a friend - potted in early spring, and nursed in the green-house, but without avail.
I was also interested in some half dozen cuttings from the same vine, and a dozen or so of cuttings from the original vine in Ohio, but not one eye vegetated in the whole lot.
An amateur in a neighboring town succeeded in starting four plants from fourteen eyes; while, of four cuttings grafted in vigorous stocks, not one is now alive. Obstinate behavior!
I procured from a neighbor, this spring, some scions of the Hawley Apple. Certain facts in the history of his tree were noticeable. Some years since, his wife sowed a single seed of a choice apple in a flower-pot, with the expectation of obtaining the same kind of fruit. The seed vegetated, and was transplanted, and in due time became a tree, and bore fruit which had a resemblance to the original, but was considered to be so much inferior as to be unworthy of cultivation. The tree was then grafted - all over, as was supposed - with the Hawley, and it has since borne good crops of this fine apple. One small limb, however, of the original tree, which had escaped the notice of the grafter, came into bearing about with the Hawley, and is an apple perfectly similar to the fruit from which the seed was taken and planted, and is considered by the owner so excellent - superior even to the Hawley - that he much regrets his hasty decision in grafting the tree at all. D.
J. J. Smith, Esq.: - Samuel Miller and W. T. differ on the Grape question, in the June and July numbers of the Horticulturist. I think neither party has done the subject justice, but Mr. Miller is right concerning the pruning of grape vines; they should be properly trimmed, and all the useless or dead branches taken off, but the severe mode of pruning often practised is hardly advisable.
Another thing is certain: W. T. will find he is not able to confine the roots of the grape to a hole or border of ordinary dimensions, unless he boxes them in.
I am not able to say for the North, but it is pretty well proved here, and southward of this, that the grape will do well without much trenching (in good soil), if supplied with fertilizing matter near the surface, and well mulched.
It is a well-established practice to cultivate a peach-orchard regularly in New York, while in North Carolina it is undoubtedly the best plan to enrich the ground on the surface. The same rule applies equally to the grape, and all other fruits. Respectfully, Pleasant Ridge, near Bendersville, Pa. F. W. C