This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The pike is one of the largest of fresh-water fishes, and indeed, if the accounts which some writers give are not exaggerated, it occasionally attains a size not greatly inferior to the gigantic inhabitants of the ocean. Individuals are recorded as measuring from five to nine feet in length. They frequently weigh above 30 lbs. in the lakes of the north of England; Dr. Grierson mentions one taken in Loch Ken, in Galloway, which weighed 61 lbs. Pallas states that the lakes in the government of Tobolsk, in Siberia, nourish multitudes of pikes which attain the size of between 30 and 40 lbs. In North America, which seems to be the head-quarters of the family, since not only the common European species, but several others exist in the great lakes of that country, 30 lbs. is considered a large size, though doubtless some individuals attain a greater weight. Most authors have cited the accounts of one said to have been caught at Kaiserlautern, near Mannheim, in 1497, which was nearly 19 feet in length, and weighed 350 lbs.
The skeleton of this extraordinary specimen was for a long time preserved, and bore a brass ring with an inscription to the effect that the fish was put into a pond by the hands of the Emperor Frederick II., the 5th of October, 1262. From this it is inferred that it was upwards of 235 years old. - From the Encyclopedia Brilannica - New Edition.
The British Agricultural Society have just published a prize essay on the potato-disease, from which we quote a passage for the notice of those whom it may concern. The author, Dr. Lang, says " the disease is of a fungoid nature, increased in virulency by atmospheric causes. That all manures are injurious, saving only lime and salt. That the earliest potatoes in ripening should be exclusively grown. That earthing up repeatedly with fine earth is the only effectual preventive to the ravages of the disease".