This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
MR. H. W. S. Cleveland, of Chicago, by a forcible address on the advantages of ornamenting railroad grounds has stirred up a very lively interest On this topic, and it is believed there will be some good results springing out of it. In the course of his address, he gives a few useful hints which we quote: Hemlock, pines and other evergreens are inappropriate, as a general thing, for such a situation. It is essential to the full development of their beauty that they should preserve their branches from the ground up, so as to present a full mass of foliage, and there is rarely room enough near a station to admit of such development. If, however, as is often the case, there is a deep cut in near proximity, an exceedingly picturesque effect may be secured by planting the embankments with evergreens, and mingling with them an occasional clump of birches; and, after they are well grown, plant also Virginia creeper and bitter-sweet here and there and let them run at random over the trees.
For the rest, make no attempt to produce a fine effect, in which you will certainly. fail, but study only convenience and comfort and you will probably secure results of beauty which will surprise you. Devote as much room to roads and paths about the station as the necessities of the public can possibly require, and have it nicely gravelled and kept watered. All the rest of the land at your disposal should be planted with trees and shrubs, or kept in grass. Plant such varieties of trees as grow most vigorously and beautifully in the adjacent country, and plant them where they will do most good, either by giving shade where it is needed, or by concealing out-buildings or unsightly objects. But whenever and wherever you plant a tree, be sure and do it as though you loved it, and give it abundance of rich earth and space enough to grow it. Flowering shrubs and vines may be used in many places where there is not room for trees, and will go far to relieve the bare and cheerless look which is the usual characteristic of such places.
The ground around the trees and shrubs should be kept loose and clear of grass and weeds for a year or two, but all the rest of the area, except what it devoted to roads and paths, should be kept in grass and cut to a close, fine sward, and in time of drought should be carefully watered, which can easily be done at most railroad stations. The refreshing effect of a bit of rich green sward is especially grateful at a time when nature wears a universally parched and sunburnt look, and railroad companies or real estate proprietors in the vicinity of railroad stations would promote their own interests by taking the first steps toward an improvement which is so much needed.
To revive wilted cuttings, Hearth and Home says: Mix three or four drops of spirits of camphor with an ounce of water and keep their stems in this fluid for half a dav or more, in a dark place, till they have entirely recovered.