This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
J. Van Buren writes to the Southern Cultivator that "The original vine of the Scupper-nong Grape is growing on Roanoke Island, and was first discovered by the colony landing with Sir Walter Raleigh in 1654 or 1655, and is probably the oldest vine known at the present day." Mr. Van Buren still considers his estimate of the Scup-pernong producing 1,500 to 2,000 gallons of wine to an acre, as a fair and not an extravagant one, where care and proper attention and cultivation are bestowed. We would here give one word of advice to those about to plant this variety, which is, not to use any stable manure, but simply rich earth from decayed leaves and other vegetation.
Those who expect this vine to grow vigorously in an old broomsedge field, and yield an abundant crop of fruit, will find their expectations to end in disappointment. And again: it will not do to plant in too rich a soil, for then its growth is too rampant for years, until it exhausts the soil, before it will produce fruit abundantly. Land that will bring 20 to 25 bushels of corn per acre is sufficiently rich for this grape - not low and wet, but dry, and inclined to sandy.
Our readers will remember that this grape, so far as well tested, is only valuable in the South.