Some of the readers of the Horticulturist may remember a charming specimen of P. quadrangularis var. Decaisneana, not more than seventeen inches high, with fifty-one buds and open flowers on it, which I had shaped in the way indicated. It was, when I lost it, several years old; its woody stem measured an inch in diameter, and was a foot high. The first year I cut it back to about a foot from the soil in the pot, and by pinching the young shoots as soon as they had grown three or four inches, to two or three eyes, the plant formed a head like a willow-tree or the grapevines in some countries. At last, flower buds would protrude from the old wood or from very short branches.

All kinds will bear planting out during the summer. It is not necessary to grow them when so treated on trellises sheltered by walls; they did very well in my garden, however bleak its situation and exposure are. As some are very rampant growers, f, i., caerulea, laurifolia, etc., it is necessary to provide for the room indispensable for their full development, and to separate such as are comparatively but moderate growers, /. i., kermesina, from others. The soil that suits them best in the open air must be very rich, deep, and porous, without any stagnant water below. Even in the open air, pinching is very advantageous; the two Tacsoniae mentioned I flowered in the open air; they grew in a border of my garden, and were very severely pinched.

Passiflora alata.


do. superba.








do. insignis.


do. Decaisneana.

Some say that it is difficult to make Passion vines grow again in pots when taken up in the fall. This is, however, an assertion not based on facts, for they all grow very vigorously under proper treatment. They, of course, lose many roots. Most of them must be cut off, as their mass would, in many cases, be too large for any pot. The plants themselves must be pruned back to a suitable size. If, during the summer, branches have been provided growing from near the root, there will not be the least difficulty in keeping the plants within reasonable bounds.

It is always judicious to have a supply of young plants of the kinds planted out to take the place of those which accidentally may have grown too large, although there is not much danger of that if they are carefully and judiciously managed. They are as pliable as grapevines; they yield with equal facility to the hand of the experienced cultivator.

I will conclude this article with a list of the most beautiful kinds which have been in my possession. A strictly alphabetical order would hadly answer my purpose; I will rather group them together, as far as practicable, so that the amateur may have a guide for selection flower, they may be confounded by such as are not acquainted with them. They are very beautiful; their flowers are, to a certain degree, of a cup form, and are very large, from four to nearly six inches in diameter (P. q. Decaisneana); stems, angular; leaves, without lobes, ovate, serrated, pointed. P. alata Gontieri and quadrangularis have from four to six glands at the base of the leaves. P. phaenicea has but two, of a bright yellow color, by which it can easily be recognized ; color of the flowers, dark red and blue. P. quad, insignis blooms when very small. P. quad. Decaisneana has the largest and most imposing flowers. Mr. Donadi, of Astoria, introduced it to this country a number of years ago.

P. Alato - Caerulea

P. Alato - Caerulea - a hybrid raised from the seed of P. alata, impregnated with pollen of P. caerulea. Flowers, very large, but more flat or open than those of the alata; leaves, varying in their shape, some being lobed, others not. Not a rampant grower, but a profuse bloomer.

All the kinds just described are very fragrant.

P. Alba

P. Alba - white.

P. Albida

P. Albida - white.

P. Amabilis

P. Amabilis - very beautiful. It is a hybrid of P. princeps (racemosa) and alata. Fragrant.

P. Augustifolia

P. Augustifolia - yellow and blue.

P. Coccinea

P. Coccinea - red.

P. Caerulea

P. Caerulea - too well known to need description. Hardy in northern Germany, when covered and protected from rain.

P. Caerulea - Racemosa

P. Caerulea - Racemosa - in two varieties, one of which is lighter in color. They are hybrids of P. caerulea and princeps (racemosa). Both of them are very desirable kinds also for hybridization. Very profuse bloomers during the summer and fall.

P. Edulis

P. Edulis - white and purplish. It ripened its fruit with me in the open air.

P. Dorosondiana

P. Dorosondiana - red. Most beautiful in every respect, and similar in growth and leaf to P. caerulea - racemosa.

P. Filarnentosa

P. Filarnentosa - blue, resembling P. caerulea; flowers, larger and brighter, but These are very similar, so that, when not in fetid. With me it sprouted in every spring from the root, the stem dying in the fall.

P. Hybiscifolia

P. Hybiscifolia - white and red; fetid.

P. Holoscericea

P. Holoscericea - flowers, when growing in a border under glass, so profusely that it excites the admiration of those who see it Flowers, not large, bright orange and red, they close between two and three o'clock p.m.; foliage, very soft, like velvet.

P. Imperatrice Eugenia

P. Imperatrice Eugenia - in every respect a magnificent plant. Leaves, very large, three-lebed, and of a very elegant shape; flowers, sometimes more than five inches in diameter, of a purplish color, approaching to pink; a prodigious bloomer.

P. Incarnata (May Pop)

P. Incarnata (May Pop) - hardy here, sprouting every year from the root; flowers, white or reddish, fragrant. It never bore fruit with me.

P. Kermesina And P. Kermesina Major

P. Kermesina And P. Kermesina Major - one of the most beautiful kinds. No collection, no green-house should be without it. Elegant and graceful in its habit and growth; leaves, three - lobed, of a glossy green, and when young, purplish red, on the under side especially; blooms when very young; flowers, bright purplish red and blue; the shape of the flowers reminds one of an Indian head-dress. P. kerm. major is larger, but the color is not so bright and pure as of the common P. kermesina.

P. Loudoni

P. Loudoni - a hybrid of P. kermesina and P. princeps (racemosa). Flowers, red, but so bright that it is almost impossible to look on them for any length of time in the sunshine. I do not know of any other kind in the whole tribe that I could compare with it in this respect.

P. Laurifolia

P. Laurifolia - white and purplish.

P. Lowei

P. Lowei - similar in color to P. quad-rangularis.

P. Lyrafolia

P. Lyrafolia - rose.

P. Maliformis

P. Maliformis - white and blue.

P. Middletoniana

P. Middletoniana - very elegant and fragrant; reddish and purple; a free and profuse bloomer; also the foliage very beautiful.

P. Comte De Kiseleff

P. Comte De Kiseleff - received from Mr. Geitner, but I am not sure whether the name was correct. A most profuse bloomer ; flowers, larger than those of caerulea, of a peculiar grayish purple.

P. Picturata

P. Picturata - very beautiful; purplish and blue.

P. Princeps (Racemosa)

P. Princeps (Racemosa) - leaves, tri - lobed, of a leathery texture, pale green, shining; flowers, red, in long racemes. One of the most beautiful kinds.

P. Serratifolia

P. Serratifolia - white and bluish.

P. Adiantifolia (Disemma)

P. Adiantifolia (Disemma) - a most graceful, elegant plant. The leaves resemble those of our fern called the Maiden-hair ; flowers, dull red and brown.

P. Murueuja (Murucuja Scellata)

P. Murueuja (Murucuja Scellata) - pale scarlet; very elegant.

P. Pinnatistipula (Tacsonia)

P. Pinnatistipula (Tacsonia) - red and white.

P. Mollissima (Tacsonia)

P. Mollissima (Tacsonia) - rose, charming.

Tacsonia Buchanani

Tacsonia Buchanani, recently introduced by Mr. Buchanan, is said to surpass all the Passionae in cultivation. I have not had any opportunity yet of seeing it.

Dr. Blumenau, director of the colony bearing his name, in southern Brazil, about 30° S. L., a scientific botanist, wrote to me last fall that he had received some seeds of a Passiflora recently discovered in Peru. Its fruit, of a delicious flavor, reaches the enormous weight of 81bs. Dr. Blumenau promised me a plant, which I shall receive during the ensuing summer. I shall take good care of it, and distribute young plants as fast as I shall be able to grow them among my horticultural friends.

As it is very tedious to read lists of plants, I do not wish to make it more extensive, although it contains hardly more than one third of the kinds I have had under cultivation. In making it, I endeavored to select such kinds as will give the greatest satisfaction to the amateur.