This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
SINCE I wrote the article published in the last Horticulturist, I have been anticipating the appearance of the insect; but have been unable, to this date, August 12, 1873, to find a single specimen, either on root or leaf of the vines in Southern Cayuga Valley. Nor in my July visit to Washington, could I find a specimen at Williamsport, Pa., where I saw fine grapes in door yards; nor on the way to and from Washington. Of this I am sorry, as it will prevent a more accurate description of the insect from my pen. The consequence is, that the growth of leaves and canes is very healthy and the clusters of grapes remarkably clean, large, and with the promise of fine ripening, though in the Cayuga Valley the season is backward and nights so far in August, cool. It, too, devolves on those situated in any part of the United States, where the insect this year can be found in any degree, to supply the information now so much needed of its habits, devastation and consequential ruin of all the hopes of the vineyard. I regret to see that even the intelligent observers of Hammond's Port, N. Y., while they speak of the excellent state of the vines and grapes now, seem to be ignorant of this insect, so abundant with them year before last.
They speak of "winter's damage," etc, without reference to this as a cause.
This season answers the inquiry of our European correspondent, "Does the Phylloxera injure vines every year in America?" This season says no! Only in exceptional years, and, so far, at periods of eight to twelve years; then it comes as a thief in the night, and ordinary American citizens fail to detect it, it is so small and obscure. Please report who can find this year, this insect.
S. J. Parker, M. D.
In the south of France, the native varieties of Southern Grape, such as Warren, Lenoir, Jaques, Scuppernong, are entirely free from the attacks of the Grape Phylloxera. The destructive force of this disease is such, that fears are entertained that the European Wine Grapes are destined to be entirely obliterated from along the coast of the Mediterranean. An association has been formed for the introduction in the South of France, of several millions of our native Southern Grapes.