This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
There is an association in Connecticut for promoting the culture of the Grape. At the convention, held a few days ago, it was stated that 50,000 gallons of wine were made there last year, and the quantity for the coming season is estimated, as high as 100,000 gallons.
After two years' publication, this has been suspended, and is now merged into Colman's Rural World. A grape and wine department has been opened in that journal, and George Husmann and Dr. Spalding are still to remain in active connection with it.
If such a thing can be produced, which we very much doubt, in our opinion the vitis cordifolia must become one of the parents. Hardihood of vine, freedom from diseases, etc., seem more to belong to it than any other, and those who are working for new results, we advise to experiment as much as possible with this species.
We last fall spoke highly of a new grape from Catawissa, Penn. Samples received this fall fully sustain its high character. We shall in our next give it a name, and describe it, a drawing being now in preparation.
President, Daniel S. Dewey, Hartford. Vice-Presidents, C. S. Middlebrook, of Bridgeport; E. A. Holcoinb, Granby. Secretary, M. C. Weld, Hartford. Treasurer, Richard H. Phelps, Windsor.
From a report to the Warsaw Horticultural Society we gather a few items of record: first, that Concord, Clinton, Delaware, Hartford, and Norton's Virginia all did finely; that the Catawba, "the best grape for all purposes," rotted; that this rotting was greatest upon close planting, and less on those of greater distance ; that two thirds of the rotten fruit was within two feet of the ground, one third within four feet, while that of five to six feet elevation was entirely free.
Long before grapes are ripe in our section, large quantities are received from some of the Southern States. Virginia sends the most and the best, although Delaware sends a large amount of Concords.
In the vicinity of Charlottesville, Va., they are grown very extensively. The principal varieties are Hartford Prolific, Concord, Ives Seedling, and Delaware.
Passing through the experimental grounds of the Agricultural Department to-day, I found among the grapes but three bad cases of rot - Antuchon, and Rodgers' 33 and 41. The earliest grape (now absolutely ripe), is the London - medium, black, juice blood red, sweet and good. Hartford and Ives nicely colored. By the way, is it not singular that in Downing's new edition, there is not a word of Allen's Hybrid, Anna, Lorain, London, all of which are to be found in publications of prior date ?
Washington, D. C. F. A. Simkins.
THIs is fast becoming a word to be dreaded by men on both sides of the Atlantic. Such men as the State Entomologist of Missouri attribute the death of the ends of vines, and the inability of the vine to break the fruit buds, to this insect on the rootlets of the vine. It becomes all horticulturists to examine and see if this is so.
In Europe it is said it kills the whole vine, root and all, by its depredations on the roots and rootlets. What I announced, at least ten years ago, as " black rot," I now suspect is this insect. We ask the editor of The Horticulturist to publish the description of this minute insect, as it feeds on the leaf and on the roots. Prof. Riley, of St. Louis, ought to give a good practical article on it; or at least, extracts from his able State reports.
S. J. Parker, M. D.