This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Triomphe de Hasselt is the Grosse Calebasse of LanGelier, the Van Marum of Bivort, and probably the old French Grosse Calebasse of Noisette. A monstrous russet fruit Flesh - coarse. Flavor - inferior. Decaying soon at the core. Ripens in September.
Kartofel, or Cartofel, proves to be Colmar d'Aremberg.
Beurre Van Mons, or B. de Mons of LanGelier, is synonymous with the old Fondants Van Mons.
Blanc perne of LanGelier, is Leon le Clerc de HavaL Sometimes a dessert Pear, on dry, rich, calcareous soils; but scarcely fit for the table.
Seigneur d'Esperen is synonymous with Bergamotte Fieve, Belle Lucrative, and Fondante d Automne. The former is the original and true name, the Seigneur having been raised by Major Esperen, of Malines, about forty years since, and promulgated some years afterwards in France under the false name of Doyenne d'Automne.
Van Assche and Vanaesse, as stated in your article in the February number, 1853, proves to be Van Assene, raised by M. Bouvier about thirty years since, and of which I have an original plate. By a curious error it received the latter name through scions sent to this country; namely, the transformation of ch in the former to en in the latter - from Van Assche to Van Assene.
Beurre gris d'hiver, of LanGelier, is the Beurre gris d'hiver nouveau, or Beurre du Lucon, of the French and Belgian collections. A Pear which originated in France; there known and sold at a common price long before it was advertised by M. Langs.
J. S. Cabot, Mass.; J. J. Thomas, N. Y.; A. H. Ernst, Ohio; J. A. Kennicott, I11.; S. D. Pardee, Ct.; A. Saul, N. Y., and J. D. Fulton, Pa.
The discussions in relation to extending or altering the list of recommended fruits, were attended with much interest, and drew out much valuable information. We can, at present, present only a very brief abstract.
S. Walker, of Boston, proposed to strike Dearborn's Seedling from the former list, asserting that it was too small for market, - very small unless on vigorous stocks. - and a poor grower. S. B. Parsons had found it the best pear of its season on Long Island. J. H. Hays regarded it one of the most profitable of pears - that if stricken from the list, it would not be stricken from market - thought it variable with locality, but very valuable. B. V. French of Mass., thought it an inferior pear - the trees he could not make grow. G. B. Deacon, of New-Jersey, thought it a very good pear, worthy of cultivation. S. Walker admitted the excellent quality of the fruit, but on account of its small size, and the poor growth of the tree, re. garded it as of little value on the whole. S. B. Parsons said the same reason would condemn the Seckel. A. H. Ernst stated that the Seckel grew well at Cincinnati, but from its small size would not sell j it rotted on his hands, while large and poor pears commanded a good price. P. Barry, of Rochester, considered the Dearborn's Seedling as one of the most valuable in western New-York. CM. Hovey said it was regarded is the best summer pear when adopted, and has continued to sustain its character when well cultivated and thinned.
F. L. Olmsted stated that Rivers had found it to grow well on pear and fail on quince. This was corroborated by S. B. Parsons - who asked S. Walker if his trees were not on quince stocks, - who stated that they grew nearly as badly as they could on quince, and would generally die out in about two years. The motion to strike off this pear was withdrawn.
The Washington pear was added to the list, for general cultivation, without any objection.
The Duchesse d'Orleans was next proposed, and among many remarks, M. P. Wilder stated he had found it a poor grower on quince, and good on the pear - had not, with Robert Manning, found it a great bearer, but could bear witness to its fine appearance and quality. It was concluded to let it remain on the list for trial.
The Doyenne d'Ete being called up, A. H. Ernst stated that he had fruited it seven years, and pronounced it handsome and valuable. Hovey, Barry, Wilder, and others, corroborated this opinion, some of whom thought it grew best on pear stocks. S. Walker thought well of this pear, but did not find it to come up to the high character represented. C. M. Hovey called on him to name a better, when he named the Madeleine, which he regarded as superior. P. Barry found it to ripen before the Madeleine, and regarded it as decidedly the best - found it a " splendid grower" on quince. When allowed to ripen on the tree, it was worth little, being dry and mealy, but was fine and juicy if house ripened. B. F. Nourse found it fine in Maine, and a good grower.
The Beurre d'Anjou was proposed, and M. P. Wilder thought there would be a unanimous expression in its favor - and stated that it was the best new pear he had fruited in ten years, and that it had kept till January and February. T. Hancock had found it a most valuable pear, the crop evenly distributed through the tree. S. Walker found it to bear well and evenly - the fruit of fair size, fine shape, and very delicious - and would undoubtedly be held at the highest price in market. It was unanimously adopted for general cultivation.
Manning's Elizabeth was proposed - C. M. Hovey regarded it as one of the most delicious of August pears, the only objection being its small size. F. R. Elliott had found it a tardy bearer. CM. Hovey had also. T. Hancock had fruited it when four feet high and two years old. B. Hodge had also fruited it, early, but found it not equal to Bloodgood or Rostiezer. It remains on the list for trial.