This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
This document does great credit to Essex county. In addition to the comprehensive and excellent address of Henry K. Oliver, which abounds with wholesome truth and timely, tasteful suggestions, there are valuable reports, careful and discriminating, on fruits, flowers, and vegetables; on bees and honey; on farms, manures, fattening cattle and swine; and in short on the general run of subjects that interest the farmer and gardener. At this time we shall content onrself with an extract or two from the report on fruits.
The committee recommend to the farmers of Essex to cultivate the best keeping varieties of good winter apples, as a source of income, vastly more than that of Indian corn. They recommend for general cultivation the following: Hubbardston Nonsuch, Baldwin, Roxbury Russet, Green Sweet, Murphy, Darners' Winter Sweet, R. I. Greening, Yellow Bellflower, Minister, Swaar, Jonathan, Peck's Pleasant, Ribstone Pippin, Ladies' Sweeting, Aunt Hannah, Red Pumpkin Sweet, Large Yellow Sweet Bough, St. Lawrence, Fall Harvey, Williams' Early Red. Porter, Haskell Sweet.
Pears:-Bloodgood\ Rostiezer, Bartlett, Andrews, Cushing, Buffam, Flemish Beauty, Louise Bonne de Jersey, Seckel, Lewis, Winter Nelis, Vicar of Winkfield, Black Pear of Worcester, Catillac, Uvedale's St. Germain or Pound; the three last for cooking.
The committee say, in regard to the upland culture of cranberries, of which considerable has been said, that after a careful examination of the system, they find it so expensive in regard to labor, that they cannot recommend it to the farmers of the county; but "would strongly recommend the setting out and extending the area of our cranberry meadows, and also in reclaming others by the same means which are now used in reclaiming them for the production of English grass".