This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Essay read by Mr Franks at the November meeting of the Champaign County Horticultural Society.
" PLANT Cases " may be termed miniature greenhouses or conservatories, subject to the same rules and regulations as their larger and more pretentious neighbors; and are equally capable of giving as much pleasure and entertainment according to their size. '
These Cases may be made any shape or size, to suit individual taste. Some prefer them octagonal, others quadrangular. They are especially adapted to the growth of ferns and other cryptogams, but, by proper attention to watering and ventilation, many flowering plants may be grown successfully in them. Each class, however, had better be grown in separate Cases, as they require different treatment.
Throughout most of our Northern and Western States the month of May is the best time to transplant evergreens. Remember that they give life and character to your home in winter; serve to break the storms and measurably to soften the temperature; are now cheaply and easily procured, and you owe it to your fellow-men, if not to yourself, to plant them. We would have them on all our Northern and Western boundaries. We would mingle them occasionally in our orchard, and hedge our small fruit grounds and vegetable gardens with them everywhere.
An interesting plant for rock work is recommended by the Gardener's Chronicle, to be " Scabiosa Parnassae" It grows in " hummocks " and has heavy foliage and pale flowers, succeeded by a feathery pappus-like calyx, which gives the plant a very distinct aspect.
The beautiful half hardy Japanese shrub, Enonymus japonicum amer variegatum, is recommended as forming a very chaste plant for table decoration. It is described with much enthusiasm by an English gardener, who says: "With us the Enonymus almost vie with the Crotons in the brilliancy of its finely marked foliage, glowing with bright yellow and green."
Many an amateur and gardener commits plant murder unwittingly by keeping up a heat in the green-house or propagating - pit during the night season. All kinds of plants will bear a low night temperature with impunity, evidence of which is given from the records of the low night temperature in the torrid regions. Heat without light creates a morbid and unhealthy growth, and loads the plants with disease, sooner or later to be developed by yellow foliage damping oft, etc.
Large plants in pots, may with great advantage, be sunk into the border; overcrowding must also be avoided in every other structure where plants are stored for the winter. It is far better at this season to throw away the worst of the stock, than run the risk of injuring the best plants. Favorite sorts will be better replaced by young plants in the spring.
We are more than ever convinced that the first week of this month, for this locality, is the safest time to plant all evergreen trees and shrubs. Further north, a week or so later will be equally suitable. If the soil is in proper condition, and the roots carefully spread out and imbedded in it, and the plant secured from being swayed to and fro by wind, there is every likelihood of success, bo far as planting can effect it. No planter can set a tree to grow that has been severely mutilated in lifting, and only a mere apology of a root left. Immediately after planting, or within a few days, unless it rains, they should receive a thorough watering, if at all practicable. Growth will speedily commence, and a mulching over the roots will insure its continuation. If a few of the terminal points of the branches can be removed without interfering with the form of the plant, it will further tend to induce a speedy and healthy action of root growth.