This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
In view of the great success of raisin grapes, and the demand for cuttings in California, the Pacific Rural Press cautions purchasers to be on their guard against unscrupulous venders of spurious sorts.
A correspondent, writing from Nauvoo, III., asks for information as follows: "I have lately seen an article in an Illinois political newspaper, in which a man from Effingham County, 111., gives an account of his raising coffee there. He seems to think that he will be able to raise it in good quantity, and in quality nearly equal to the Rio de Janeiro. Can you give me some nearer information about it, or is it perhaps only some humbug, as the like many are circulating?"
We have to say in reply, that coffee can not be grown in Illinois. We can not say, without seeing it, what plant is referred to, but it certainly is not the coffee plant. That is a tropical plant, and can only be grown under glass in this climate.
The seeds of Junipers require to be put in a "rot heap," mixed with earth, and left one year before planting; then sow in light sandy or peaty soil. The Arbor Vitae seeds may be sown when gathered, or the spring following, and it will grow the first season. The soil should be a sandy peat if possible. At one season's growth the plants may be transferred from the seed-bed into nursery rows, or into other beds where they will have more room.
A writer in the Fruit Recorder, contributes the results of experiments in raising fruits in the shade:
A parishioner objected to planting raspberries because he had no place for them except the north side of his barn.
In 1863, I planted two rows of raspberries about sixty feet long, and three feet apart, in the rows directly west from a two-story building, and under the north side of a tight board fence, so that they got no sun till afternoon, and not more than two or three hours of any day; and from that plantation we have picked two bushels in a season of Red Antwerps and Brinckle's Orange, that were the admiration of our neighbors.
The finest Black-caps I ever raised, were directly under the north side of a high barn.
I have raised a full crop of strawberries - Russell's, in the same location, and thus lengthened out the strawberry season, as they ripened a week latter than those that had the full benefit of the sun.
Longworth would impregnate a large and good pistillate, with the best hermaphrodite, (or perfect flowered) and plant the seeds as soon as ripe in good soil in open ground. From 200 seedlings, he would expect 95 staminates, 95 pistillates, and 10 hermaphrodites. They should be planted separate, and the runners cleared till the sorts were proved. Graham advised planting in pots, and driving them ahead with bottom heat - his plants proved mostly staminate. McAvoy would plant in open ground - but select, the best plants and force them. He had one bear a year from planting.