This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
We find in the Bulletin of the Natural History Society Of Lausanne, a notice of a single plant of rye, self-sown in a vineyard near Villeueuve, which produced 2248 grains. And we may call attention here to the prize offered through the Society Of Arts for the best paper on sea-weeds: competitors are required to discuss the subject of marine algae, with regard to their utility as food and medicine, and for industrial purposes. We can tell them of a use to which one of the weeds - that known as alva marina - has been applied at Brest; namely, as wads for small-arms and cannon. The weed is washed and dried to prevent the absorption of damp, and it has the advantage of being elastic and incombustible.
A German gardener in his city raised a very excessive quantity of fruit in bis own garden by the free use of ashes in the ground. He also had noticed in his own grounds a very decided benefit in regard to the quality and early maturity of the fruit, and caused probably by the ashes.
Your plant is a Crinum; the species it is impossible to designate without the whole plant.
An annual very little known as yet, from the Arkansas Territory, where it was discovered by Mr. James Drum-mond, inhabiting the prairies. It has also been detected in Texas and New Orleans. It grows from four to six inches and upwards in height; the corolla large and handsome, of five segments, of a deep rose color, with a pale yellow centre, measuring about two inches across; the leaves are opposite, obcordate, and sessile, about three-quarters of an inch long, of a light green color. Seeds require the temperature of a hot-bed__Bot. Mag., 5015.
The tree does not succeed well on the Quince stock, but on the Pear stock it is tolerably vigorous, and is suitable for standards or pyra- mids. The fruit bean considerable resemblance to the Easter Beurre, from which it has probably been raised, and at first sight might be mistaken for it It is of medium size, or rather small when the tree is heavily loaded. Skin - smooth, green, sprinkled with small brown dots. Stalk - short, deep brown. Flesh - fine, white, juicy, and sugary. Although the tree is not bo vigorous as many others, yet it appears deserving of cultivation, as the fruit keeps till late in the season.
* This should be called Duchesses De Berry d 'Ete, to distinguish it from another Pear lately sold under the name.
Size - large, three inches and a half long by two and a quarter in diameter. Form - oblong pyri-form, the flesh tapering gradually into the stem. Stem - short, thick, wrinkled at the base, curved. Calyx - small, open, in broad flat basin. Color - greenish yellow, clouded with a thin covering of russet. Flesh - melting and juicy. Flavor - rich sub-acid, slightly perfumed, with some astringency next the skin. Season - October, first to fifteenth. Quality - "very good."
Should this variety prove good as a standard, it will be a desirable market fruit. French catalogues describe the size of the Saint Nicholas as "petit," small, but it has here uniformly borne large fruit.