This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
If, in the classification of fruits, we take in consideration not only the quality, but the vigor of the tree, its constant fertility, its fitness to succeed in almost all kinds of soils, and to yield handsome, healthy crops, certainly the Buffum must take a prominent rank in the catalogue of good pears.
As an orchard tree, in a pyramidal, or widely spread shape, perhaps it is unrivalled. As a good bearer, we can safely depend upon its crops. Grafted on. the quince, or on the standard, it soon sets; to bearing, and those bearing habits keep up with the vigorous development of the tree.
The original tree in Mr. Prescott Hall's fine residence at Newport, Rhode Island, is still vigorous, although not in a well-selected spot, being too close to one of the stone walls of Mr. H.'s new building. We horticultunsts have to thank that gentleman for the special care he look of the fine parent tree, which continues to yield abupdant crops. As a proof of the vigor of the variety, we can state that there are to be found many trees grafted on the pear stock from the scions of the parent, which are now as large, and better filled than the original seedling.
* A publisher has even found it to his advantage to devote his energies, and a large establishment, to the publication of books devoted to horticulture and kindred subjects. C. M. Saxton & Co. disseminate, annually, information on the subject, that will Compare, in amount, with that of the whole of Europe - not so much in expensive and magnificent publications as in usefulness. The more recherche will come in time; the demand for Michaux and Nuttall's costly Sylva is increasing annually; a fact in itself that speaks strongly of progressive study and interest.
The Buffum pear is middle sized, obovate, tapering a little toward the stem. The skin is dull green, overspread with russet, which color goes over to yellow ochre, and dull brown, occasionally dotted or tinged with red and rich brown, when the fruit is about to ripen. The ripening process is slow, and can be retarded by keeping the fruit in cool places without danger of sudden decay; this is almost always the case with fruit of a firm, heavy texture.
Flesh firm, but melting and juicy, with a very pleasant peculiar flavor', and , sweetness enough; a little grit around the core is the only defect, which will perhaps be removed by longer cultivation. In some localities the Bnffum grows to a larger size, and we could not find that this artificial increase took away any of its rich qualities, as is so often the case with pears and apples. We can safely recommend the Buffum as an orchard or a garden fruit It can be barrelled, as the Lawrence, when picked in proper season, and carried to distant markets without injury; the pear, when full grown, but still green, being as firm and as solid as any market fruit ought to be.
A good fruit; and when our penologists confine their chief attention to the best selections from our Dative pears, they will succeed much better than in cultivating the refined and overworked fancy things from abroad. Rely upon it, every country produces something of its own, which, in its line, will prove ,the most valuable for permanent cultivation. It has, thus far, proved so with American pears.