This truly delicious pear, probably an accidental seedling of the St. Germain, originated at the country residence of Wharton Chancellor, Esq., on Schoolhouse Lane, Germantown, now within the limits of the city of Philadelphia; the original tree still stands on his premises, within an inclosure of evergreens, and is probably more than fifty years old. Specimens of the fruit from a grafted tree in the garden of Mr. Joseph Green, of Germantown, were, for the first time, exhibited at the annual Fair of the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society in September, 1848; and to this variety was awarded the premium offered by the society for the best seedling pear exhibited in 1849. Size large, 3 1/4 to 4 inches long by 2f to 8 inches broad; form long, obovate, inclining to pyriform; skin dull green, with numerous green and russet dots, some russet markings, and occasionally a faint, speckled, warm brown cheek; item 3/4 to 1 inch long by 3/16 thick, inserted in a small, irregular cavity, usually elevated on one side; calyx small, open, set in a plaited shallow basin; core medium; seed 2/5 of an inch long, 1/5 broad, 1/7 thick, light brown, acuminate, full at the obtuse end, on one side of which is a small angular projection; flesh, of fine texture, buttery; flavor rich and exceedingly agreeable, but by some it maybe considered too saccharine, which, in our opinion, should never be viewed as an objectionable feature, since the saccharine quality is the first to show its deficiency in defective soils, unpropitious seasons, or under poor cultivation; quality "very good," if not "best;" maturity, last of September and beginning of October. It keeps well and ripens handsomely, without decaying at the core.

Leaf lanceolate; young wood, slender, yellowish brown; growth spreading.

The Chancellor Pear

It does well on the quince, but better on the pear stock, as is mostly the case with all recently obtained varieties from seed.

To Doctor W. D. Brinckte, who has devoted so much time, skill, and patience in discovering and bringing into notice some of our finest fruit from Pennsylvania, Delaware, New York, and the South, we are indebted for the knowledge of this valuable variety.

The specimen delineated is rather middle sized; we have seen many larger, grown on the original tree.

* See Frontispiece.