This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Rambling notes are found to be the most useful and informing; hundreds of people who visit gardens walk with their eyes directed to the gravel, and ten chances to a quarter of one, they will be engaged in telling you the history of a cherry or pear tree in their grandfather's garden, when you are trying to show them the novelties of the day. You must just "give it up;" rep-member that the masses never read the Horticulturist, and be content to pass your favorite plants and fruit in silence. Such a visitor will go home quite satisfied that he has shown a great deal of knowledge, though he has really escaped learning anything whatever. It is a rare talent, and one which when found, to be greatly esteemed, to be able to go through another's garden with open eyes. The chances are that your conductor has something to tell: do not interfere with his information if you go to learn; let him talk instead of telling him you robbed an orchard when at college, or giving your reminiscences of how strawberries, etc, tasted to your youthful appetite, and you may go home wiser than you came.
Fig 2. Pistillate.
Fig. 3. Staminate Flower Magnefied.
Fig. 4. Pistillate Flower Magnified.
I am under the impression, Mr. Editor, that some people yet exist who would be glad to know the difference between pistillate and staminate strawberries. As soon as they do understand the difference they will be able to read the books with some chance of practicing their directions. I therefore propose that you make the above drawings into wood cuts.
Figs. 1 and 2 represent the usual appearance of pistillate flowers, figs. 3 and 4 magnifled portions of the same; fig. 3 exhibiting a part of the flower of the Large Early Scarlet Strawberry, and fig. 4 the same of Hovey's Seedling; a being the stamens, and b the pistils. By the use of a microscope, it will be found that the former is abundantly supplied with pollen or fertilizing dust, while the latter is nearly destitute. Hence, Hovey's Seedling or any other pistillate variety, can never, or but very imperfectly fertilize its own flowers, and the impregnation must be derived from a staminate sort.
The strawberry, favorite of everybody, will have disappeared from sight, unless in the extreme north, before this can appear, but your journal is eminently one of reference, and will, therefore, I doubt not, be consulted on the above topic by somebody hereafter. Let us come to the blackberry which is not yet ripe. It is now considered an established fruit for cultivation. Coming in at the warmest season of the year, it is very acceptable; but care must be taken that it does not want water. The soil should be rich and deep; a northern or western exposure is good, and a soil inclining to vegetable mould and light loam is desirable. It is now known that if the branches are trained horizontally they are more productive than when upright. As to other matters connected with this fine berry, and the Dorchester, etc, I can at this date say little that will be new, and therefore ask your engraver to give his aid for the following illustrations.