We see by the newspapers that the Date, the current year, has been successfully grown in the south of Franco. It may not be known that for some years past it has been grown in the open air in the United States. A magnificent cluster of the variety named at the head of this article, was one of the attractions at the late Fair of the Southern Central Agricultural Society Of Georgia, at Atlanta, and seemed to be looked upon with more interest than almost any other thing exhibited. Hanging on the wall, near two large olive branches, also loaded with ripening fruit, and in company with Oranges and Pomegranates, all grown in the open air, to say nothing of Figs and Grapes, one was forcibly reminded of the East; but in the same structure the Apples in profusion, the Pears and Peaches, excellent and beautiful, told of the resources of a State at one extreme productive in tropical fruits, while its central portion and northern extreme were profuse in the products of the milder temperate climes.

The Dates mentioned, and the Olives also, were grown upon the plantation of Col. P. M. Nightengale, at Dungeness, Cumberland Island, Georgia. The cluster sent was gathered from a tree about twenty-five feet high, on which were four or five other similar but larger clusters. The common fruit-stem or peduncle thereof was about three feet long, flattened and curved like a scythe. Its width was about two and a half to three inches, but not over half an inch in thickness. At its fruit-bearing extremity sprung some one hundred or more minor fruit stems or pedicels, all starting nearly but not quite together, the upper ones being three or four inches in their point of departure from the common 6tem above the lower, and covered by them. These stems bear many blossoms, most of which are abortive; but from one to six or seven ripen upon each stem, but so many more at the top that the mass of the fruit is like a corymb. These minor fruit-stems are about a foot in length, four-sided, flattened, and very tough. The fruit is oval, as in the figure, which is less oblong than in many specimens, from an inch to an inch and a half long, by one-half to seven-eighths of an inch in its lesser diameter, growing sessile upon the pedicel, and with a small point at the apex. The fruits all seem to 'be stoneless.

Although not fully ripe, the fruit, the pedicels, and most of the large common peduncle, were of a rich golden yellow, (corn color.) There is a variety much more common in cultivation, which resembles this in every particular, except that the fruit and fruit-stems are all of a reddish brown. The unripe fruit is nearly as rough and astringent as the unripe Persimmon or American Date, but at maturity it softens and sweetens, and becomes a very agreeable fruit. Col. N. states, if 1 rightly understand, that the leaf-stalks of his trees are some ten feet long, and the leaf itself (lamina made up of many pinnae) about ten or twelve feet in addition. There is a figure of a tree in London's En-cj'clopedia of Plants, p. 829, No. 13,831, which we copy, as it gives an idea of the tree as grown at the East. The stones of the dried Dates of commerce, it is said, when planted grow freely. Loudon describes the Date as "a lofty palm with a rugged trunk, on account of the persisting vestiges of the decayed leaves. These leaves, when the tree is grown to a size for bearing fruit, are six or eight feet long, with pinnae three feet long, and a little more than an inch broad.

The flowers of both sexes come out in very long bunches from the trunk between the leaves, and are covered with a spatha, which opens and withers; those of the male have six short stamina, with narrow four-cornered anthers filled with farina. The female flowers have no stamina, but a roundish germ, which becomes an oval berry with a thick pulp, inclosing a hard oblong stone, with a deep furrow running longitudinally." - (Encyclopedia of Plaints.) The Date tree is more hardy than the Orange, Col. Nightengale informs me.

The Golden Date Phoenix Dactylifera By Wm N White  1500138The Golden Date Phoenix Dactylifera By Wm N White  1500139

[We thank Mr. White for bringing to the notice of our readers the interesting fact, that one variety at least of the Date Palm is hardy at the South. Accustomed as we have been to see an occasional specimen of diminutive growth in a collection of rare plants, his description, with its luxuriant leaves twelve feet in length, carries us back, in imagination, to the " sunny clime of the Olive and Palm," and we revel again amid the scenes of our youthful reading. If steam, in one sense, has annihilated distance, and brought remote countries close together, so, in another sense, has Horticulture; for we find the tropics almost at our doors. The fact stated by Mr. White is not alone interesting; it will have a special importance to those of our readers living at the South, the Date being a peculiarly wholesome fruit. - Ed].