Mr. J. Fiske Alllen's description of the mode of hybridizing the grape is the most lucid and practical, and as the subject is attracting attention anew we present, by the kindness of Mr. A. 0. Moore, the accompanying cuts, which will make the subject easily understood.

July Hybridizing The Grape 130093FLOWER OF THE GRAPE.

FLOWER OF THE GRAPE.

A is a magnified representation of the bud of the grape, c is the blossom. The change from the bud to the blossom is usually rapid, and takes place about thirty or forty days after the shoot appears in the spring, which bears the fruit. This bud which forms the blossom consists of a covering or cap, and the embryo berry, with fine anthers, which, when the time for inflorescence has come, is raised or lifted by the anthers, and the wind blows this cap free; b is the blossom, the anthers of which are to be clipped and deprived of their farina; on the top of the embryo is the pistil; upon this is to be placed the farina or pollen of the male plant. When this is done, impregnation takes place, and the embryo rapidly swells off. If the operation has not been effectual, the berry will remain as it is. When the grape has attained one-third of its size, it remains stationary two or three weeks, and at this time it is perfecting the seed. When this is done, the fruit begins growing again; thus it appears that the seed will vegetate, even if the fruit does not ripen sufficiently to be eatable.

This applying of the pollen or farina of one variety to the pistil or stigma of another, is the method of proceeding to obtain new sorts in the shortest time, and is called hybridizing. That our native grapes have been hybridized with the foreign, we have no doubt.

The bunch to be acted on should be thinned of three-quarters of the buds; the lower part should be cut away entirely, immediately before inflorescence, the strongest buds always to be left. Observe them closely, and, as soon as the flowers open, with sharp scissors clip the anthers, being careful not to injure the pistil. With a soft brush apply the pollen from the kind to be used for impregnation; or the whole bunch which is to furnish the pollen may be cut from the vine, and gently rubbed or applied to the bunch, by frequently striking them together on every side. Repeat this for several days, until it is evident the fruit is all impregnated; a fresh bunch, with the pollen in a suitable condition, must be had at each operation. The pollen must be dry and in a falling condition, to be fit for the purpose. The reader is referred to Mr. Allen's work on the grape, issued in New York.

Hybridizing The Grape #1

From a report, published in the Canada Farmer, of Hon. Wm, H. Mills, President of the Fruit - Growers' Association of Canada, we extract the following, showing the attention our Canadian brothers are giving toward producing new varieties of the grape and other fruits.

"Mr. William Saunders, of London, Ontario, has, with much skill and labor, produced this season the following results in hybridizing, and has kindly permitted me to lay them before you.

FEMALE OR BEARING VINE

Berries

Clinton - with syrian pollen ...................

set 18

" " Muscat Hamburgh, 2 bunches

" 0

" " 1 failed the other set ..................

: 1

" " Buckland Sweetwater ...........

" 30

" " Muscat d'Avnt ....................

" 8

" " Black Hamburgh .................

" 5

" " Grizzly Fontignan - failed

" 0

" " Black do. do

" 0

" " chasselas Musque ............

" 5

" " Royal Muscadine ............

" 22

" " Victoria Hamburgh ...........

" 19

" " Rose Chasselas .............

" 13

TOTAL ........................

121

OF GOOSEBERRIES.

Houghton's Seedling with warrington pollen

set 6

" " " Roaring Lion

" 2

" " " White Smith

" 1

" " " Brown Girl

" 5

" " " Ashton's Seeding

" 2

" " " Crown bob - failed

" 0

TOTAL ....

16

"Eight or ten flowers were operated on in each case, excepting Crown Bob, which was used on live only. He also operated on six or seven flowers of the Philadelphia Raspberry, with the Brinckle's Orange; such were his results. Mine were as follows: I was unable to fertilize the Delaware with the either the Black or Muscat Hamburghs, while one took readily with the Diana.

Males

Females.

Clusters.

Berries

Black Hamburgs .........................

Delaware

.... 2

Set 0

Mnscat do ...........

do.

... 1

" 0

Chasselas de Fontalnebleau

do.

.....1

" 6

Rose Chasselas .................

do.

......1

" 1

" "

Dlans

......1

" 18

Chasselas de Fontainebleau

do.

......1

" 24

" "

Rebecca

......1

" 0

" "

Isabella

.... 1

" 0

Muscat Hamburgh

Diana

......1

" 26

Bowood Muscat ...................

.Rogers No. 4 1

" 27

Delware ............................

do.

do. 1

" 17

Total

..............

114

Mr. Saunders' total..

121 - 285

"So slow and tedious is the process, it will be observed that only a limited amount of labor can be performed by one person during the time of flowering. Mr. Saunders exceeds me by seven berries. Now to test the quality of only a portion of these which may survive the vicissitudes of germination and other mishaps, it will take from six to eight years".