This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The following good suggestions are from the pen of Mr. D. Breckenridge, the Floral editor of the American Farmer:
The approaches of carriage drives to the country seats of our wealthy population, are very much too narrow; and the planting of tall growing trees, as well as of those of low growing, spreading habit, too near the verge, is a serious mistake which some owners of estates of considerable pretensions have found out to their cost. We think it would be well if those who contemplate planting ornamental trees, shrubs, etc., would observe the habit and size of trees of native growth of the kinds usually so much admired in their young state. For instance, a Norway Spruce, five feet in height, may have a handsome appearance when placed ten feet from the walk or drive, but fifteen to thirty years hence it will be a very different affair. But the Norway Spruce must always, however, have a prominent place in ornamental planting, being perfectly hardy and of good habit; and it would make an excellent background for avenue planting if planted at a sufficient distance to allow of planting trees and shrubs of lower growth and distinct habit in front of them.
Then we have Thujopsis Borealis, Hemlock (Abies canadensis), and Cupressus Lawsoniana - the last a tree of handsome growth, but having planted a great many in years gone by, and having carefully observed it almost since its introduction into England, I am free to say that I have never seen a perfect plant of that variety; they invariably have a bare place somewhere. Nevertheless, this Cypress, I think, deserves a prominent place in ornamental planting. Of Arbor Vitas we have two or three distinct varieties; and, again of Yews, we have those of both the erect and of spreading habit. Of Junipers, we may mention J. Chinensis, J. Hibernica; and of Retinisporae, we have some hardy and pretty. In some situations, raised beds planted with Ivies, have a good effect; beds also of carefully selected hardy herbaceous plants might afterwards be introduced with much satisfaction, and with a little attention would give flowers the whole summer. Many undeservedly neglected plants might thus be again brought into favor.