This group consists mostly of vines and scrambling types of shrubs, together with a very few interesting hardy perennials. Banks and rocky slopes do not generally retain a considerable amount of moisture, and accordingly the material which is used should possess a vigorous constitution and low, spreading habit of growth, and the ability to withstand lack of moisture. The embankments which are composed of excellent heavy types of soil, and which are constantly cared for, may be covered with any of the low, spreading types of shrubs and perennials.

a. Shrubs:

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Bearberry

Comptonia asplenifolia Sweet Fern

Plate XXX

Plate XXX. A group of Japanese snowball, producing flowers in spring soon after the leaves appear, adds much to the attractiveness of a landscape picture. (See page 155, group XIX-B)

Cotoneaster horizontalis Prostrate Cotoneaster

Genista tinctoria Dyer's Greenweed

Juniperus (prostrate forms) Red Cedar

Kalmia angustifolia

Sheep Laurel Lonicera prostrata

Prostrate Honeysuckle Lonicera spinosa alberti

Large-fruited Honeysuckle

Lonicera syringantha Heliotrope Honeysuckle

Myrica cerifera Bayberry

Rhus canadensis Fragrant Sumac

Rhus copallina Shining Sumac

Rhus glabra Smooth Sumac

Rhus typhina Staghorn Sumac

Rosa setigera Prairie Rose

Rosa spinosissima altaica Scotch Rose

Rubus crataegifolius

Thorn-leaved Raspberry Rubus deliciosus

Rocky Mountain Flowering Raspberry Rubus dumetorum

European Dewberry Rubus odoratus

Flowering Raspberry Shepherdia canadensis

Canadian Buffalo Berry Sorbaria sorbifolia

Mountain Ash-leaved Spirea Spiraea salicifolia


Spiraea tomentosa Hardhack

Symphoricarpos vulgaris

Indian-currant Xanthorrhiza apiifolia


Zanthoxylum americanum Prickly-ash b. Perennials:

Hypericum calycinum

Aaron's Beard Pachysandra terminalis

Japanese Spurge

Phlox subulata Moss Pink

Vinca minor Periwinkle c. Vines:

Ampelopsis aconitifolia

Cut-leaved Vitis Ampelopsis heterophylla

Asiatic Creeper Ampelopsis quinquefolia

Virginia Creeper

Bignonia radicans (in variety)

Trumpet Vine Celastrus orbiculatus

Japanese Bitter-sweet

Celastrus scandens American Bitter-sweet

Evonymus radicans acutus

Hybrid Japanese Evergreen Ivy Lonicera japonica halliana

Japanese Honeysuckle

Lycium halimifolium Matrimony Vine

Periploca graeca

Silk Vine Pueraria thunbergiana

Kudzu Vine

Rosa wichuraiana (in variety) Memorial Rose

Vitis coignetiae Crimson Glory Vine

F. Small-flowering and Foliage Plants for Crevices Between Stepping-stones and for Paved Terrace Areas. This group consists of the very dwarf perennials and annuals which may be planted in the limited soil pockets between stepping-stones, between flagging on paved terraces, and in the narrow crevices between rock garden work. Most of the indigenous mosses which are adapted to either shady or sunny exposures can be readily transplanted to a corresponding condition, thus providing an appearance of age during the first year.

Arabis albida Rock Cress

Arabis alpina

Alpine Rock Cress Armeria maritima

Sea Thrift

Asperula odorata (in shade) Sweet Woodruff

Aubrietia deltoidea Purple Rock Cress

Bellis perennis

English Daisy Camptosorus rhizophyllus

Walking Fern

Cerastium tomentosum Snow-in-summer

Ceratostigma plumbaginoides

Leadwort Dianthus deltoides

Maiden Pink Evonymus radicans minima

Small-leaved Japanese Evergreen Ivy

Goodyera pubescens Rattle-snake Plantain

Iberis sempervirens

Evergreen Candytuft Iris cristata

Crested Iris

Iris pumila Dwarf Flag

Iris verna American Dwarf Iris

Linnaea borealis Twin Flower

Lotus corniculatus Baby's Slippers

Nepeta glechoma Ground Ivy

Phlox stolonifera Creeping Phlox

Phlox subulata Moss Pink

Polemonium re plans

Greek Valerian Primula veris

English Cowslip Pyxidantheru barbulata

Flowering Moss Sedum acre

Mossy Stonecrop

Sempervivum arachnoideum Spiderweb Houseleek

Silene alpestris Alpine Catchfly

Thymus serpyllum lanuginosus Downy Thyme

Tiarella cordifolia Foam-flower

Tunica saxifraga Saxifrage-like Tunica

Veronica rupestris Rock Speedwell

Veronica teucrium prostrata Speedwell

Vinca minor Periwinkle

Viola pedata Bird's Foot Violet