Most of the plants contained in this list can be collected from the fields and woods. The larger plants are valuable as background for wild garden planting and for undergrowth planting in wooded areas. For information supplementing this refer to Chapter XXIX (Plants For Ground Cover)-C.

A. Shrubs and Small Trees:

Abies balsamea Balsam Fir

Acer saccharum Sugar Maple

Arclostaphylos uva-ursi Bearberry

Aronia arbutifolia Red Chokeberry

Aronia melanocarpa Black Chokeberry

Benzoin aestivale Spice Bush

Calycanthus floridus Strawberry Shrub

Carpinus caroliniana American Hornbeam

Ceanothus americanus New Jersey Tea

Clethra alnifolia Sweet Pepper Bush

Cornus alternifolia Alternate-leaved Dogwood

Cornus fiorida

Flowering Dogwood

Hamamelis virginiana Witch Hazel

Hydrangea arborescens Wild Hydrangea

Ilex verticillata Winterberry

Leucothoe catesbaei Catesby's Andromeda

Myrica gale Bayberry

Philadelphus inodorus Scentless Mock Orange

Physocarpus opulifolius

Ninebark Pinus montana

Swiss Mountain Pine Rhamnus caroliniana

Carolina Buckthorn

Rhododendron (Native Collected) Rhododendron

Rubus odoratus

Flowering Raspberry Staphylea trifolia

American Bladdernut Tsuga canadensis

Canadian Hemlock Viburnum acerifolium

Maple-leaved Viburnum

Zanthoxylum americanum Prickly-ash

B. Ground Cover Plants:

Actaea spicata Cohosh

Adiantum pedatum Maidenhair Fern

Ajuga reptans

Bugle Anemone pennsylvanica

Canadian Windflower

Aralia racemosa

American Spikenard

Aspidium acrostichoides Christmas Fern

Aspidium marginale Margined Fern

Aster acuminatus . Sharp-leaved Aster

Aster cordifolius Starwort Aster

Aster corymbosus Wild Aster

Aster patens Spreading Aster

Chimaphila maculata

Pipsissewa Cimicifuga racemosa

Snakeroot

Convallaria majalis Lily-of-the-valley

Cornus canadensis Bunchberry

Cypripedium Lady's Slipper

Dennstaedtia punctilobula Hay-scented Fern

Evonymus obovatus

Running Strawberry Bush

Evonymus radicans Climbing Evonymus

Evonymus radicans acutus

Hybrid Japanese Evergreen Ivy Galium boreale

Northern Bedstraw

Geranium maculatum Crane's Bill

Hedera helix English Ivy

Helianthemum chamaecistus

Rock Rose Hepatica triloba

Hepatica Hydrastis canadensis

Golden Seal

Hypericum calycinum Aaron's Beard

Hypericum kalmianum Kalm's St. John's Wort

Lamium maculatum Dead Nettle

Lysimachia nummularia Moneywort

Mahonia repens Creeping Mahonia

Mitchella repens Partridge Berry

Onoclea sensibilis Sensitive Fern

Onoclea struthiopteris Ostrich Fern

Osmunda claytoniana Clayton's Fern

Pachistima canbyi

Canby's Mountain Lover

Phlox divaricata

Wild Sweet William

Podophyllum peltatum

Mandrake Polypodium vulgare

Polypody

Sanguinaria canadensis Bloodroot

Solidago arguta

Sharp-leaved Goldenrod

Solidago caesia

Blue-stemmed Goldenrod Solidago speciosa

Showy Goldenrod Trillium (in variety)

Wake Robin

Vinca minor Periwinkle

Viola canadensis Canadian Violet

Viola cucullata Common Violet