A distinctive type of new entity results from the bonding of molecular formations with simpler constituents, such as ions or ionized molecules. To this type of entity we have applied the name of "micelle." * Polymolecules, macromolecules, complex molecules or even simple molecules can form the principal part of these micellar entities.

According to the above definition, micelles are entities formed by the binding of molecules, as principal units, to ionized molecules or ions, as secondary units. The latter originally were considered to be "impurities" until Duclay showed their important role in establishing specific entities. According to our concept, micelles are produced when grouped molecules and active impurities become bonded as the result of reciprocal balance of electrostatic forces and the alternate operation of electrostatic and quantum forces, seen for atoms and molecules, applies again. Fulfillment of electrostatic forces leads to appearance of quantum forces, this time proper to the micelles. The quantum forces maintain the micelle constituents in proper positions and govern their movements, described as vibratory for these entities. The operation of the quantum forces, together with fulfillment of the electrostatic forces, accounts for the stability of micelles.

The micellar quantum forces also can be fulfilled, leading to the appearance of unequal distributions of micelle constituents. The micelle then passes from relatively neutral to an electrostatically active form which can enter into further bonds, and it is primarily in further bondage that micelles appear in a reticular aspect.

In an overall view of the development of organization, from atoms to micelles, the relatively simple pattern of alternating operation of electrostatic and quantum forces can be recognized. The regularity of the pattern allows us to consider it as fundamental to the progress of organization. We have tried to go further and to recognize the existence of this same simple organizational system for formations below the atom and above the micelles. We tentatively conceived of subatomic formations being organized in the same manner, i.e., by alternate operation of electrostatic and quantum forces. We will not go into this study here as it would lead us too far from the subject of this presentation. An outline of this subject is presented in Note 1.

* It is to this type of structure that we apply the term micelle, as distinguished from various other meanings found in the literature.