This section is from the book "The Lady's Assistant: Family Physician", by P. Davey and B. Law.
This is known by a spontaneous weariness, heaviness of the body, difficulty of breathing, especially after bodily motion, rottenness of the gums, stinking breath, frequent bleeding of the nose, and difficulty of walking. There is sometimes a swelling, and sometimes a falling. away of the legs; in which there are always livid, plumbeous, yellow, or violet coloured spots. The colour of the face is generally of a pale tawney.
When the pulse is weak, small, and unequal, it is a sign of the cold scurvy, which is best cured by mineral waters; but when these cannot be had, you may substitute a pure light spring water in which a hot iron has been quenched. Besides, a milk diet and whey will be proper to destroy the scorbutic acrimony, especially when mixt with the scorbutic juices: six ounces may be mixt with as much whey as will serve a day. Or, "Take of the scorbutic juices a quarter of a pint; of "cow's milk a pine; boil them till the milk is turned, and then "take off the curd." This will serve for one day. Some think the chief virtue of tar-water is to cure the scurvy.
The principal medicines against a cold scurvy, are, winters bark, buckbeans, garlick, horse-radish, mustard-feed, compound horse-radish water, and elixir of property; to which may be added the Peruvian bark. But in the bot scurvy, which is known by a great and hard pulse, they must never be given without acids, such as wood sorrel, and the juice of oranges, with cooling sallads, barley-broth, and a low diet.
Those that live on salted meats, as sailors, and have rotten gums, a stinking breath, eating ulcers, and saltish urine, should live upon vegetables, and ripe fruits if possible: and while they are at sea, they should take from twenty to fifty drops of spirit of salt. They should likewise wash their gums and fores in sea-water, and cover the latter with soft cloths or spunges dipt therein. Likewise, sea-water may be taken inwardly at the same time.
Those that like medicines in another form may take the follow ing: "Take of conserve of scurvy-grass, two ounces; of "conserve of wood sorrel, an ounce; of the compound pow-"der of arum, fix drams; of syrup of lemons, enough to "make an electary." The dose is the quantity of a nutmeg to be taken in the morning, at five in the afternoon, and at night, drinking a glass of the compound horse-radish-water after each dose.
All kinds of evacuations have a doubtful effect in this disease, and therefore may be omitted. No purge must be given stronger than a laxative; and when there is a looseness, it is best cured with toasted rhubarb.
When the skin is affected with corroding eruptions, the fol lowing electary will be proper: "Take of fine powder of "crude antimony, half an ounce; of conserve of garden scurvy-"grass; two ounces of gum-guaiac, two drams; of the syrup of "the juice of lemons, enough to make an electary." The dose is the size of a nutmeg morning and evening, drinking a small draught of the decoction of the woods, or lime-water after it.