The Symptoms of Anaemia Of The Brain

ACUTE: Fainting; pallor; dilated pupils; pulse weak, frequent and threadlike; sighing respiration; cold extremities.

CHRONIC: Vertigo; especially on rising from a lying or sitting posture; headache, specially at the top or back part of the head, often confined to a small spot; ringing in the ears; great sensitiveness to noise; in many cases, drowsiness in day time, wakefulness at night; pain in head and eyes, excited by reading; pupils dilated; eyes sensitive to light; nausea and vomiting„ sometimes convulsions; great debility; pulse weak, either slow or frequent; palpitation of the heart; symptoms of dyspepsia.

The symptoms of anaemia of the brain frequently resemble so closely those of the opposite condition that the two may be easily confounded. The mistake need not be made, however, if attention is given to the causes by which the condition has been produced. It should also be observed that one of the conditions is usually relieved by measures which aggravate the other; for example, active congestion is aggravated by lying down or stooping forward, while in anaemia the symptoms are aggravated by rising up and are often wholly relieved while the patient remains in the horizontal position. The dilated pupil of anaemia is also a characteristic symptom, the pupil being contracted in congestion.

The Causes of Anaemia Of The Brain

Anaemia of the brain is most common in women, as congestion of the brain is most frequently met with in men. One of the most common causes of anaemia is loss of blood from hemorrhoids; excessive flowing at menstruation, or in child-birth, particularly in miscarriage, and abortions. It may also be occasioned by hemorrhage from the nose, by great loss of blood in surgical operations or by accidental hemorrhages. Among other causes may be mentioned exposure to cold; poor food; the use of tobacco; excessive mental work; lack of exercise in the open air; dyspepsia; sexual excesses, especially secret vice; seminal losses; and uterine disorders.

The Treatment of Anaemia Of The Brain

The essential or most important measures of treatment, are those which will improve the patient's general nutrition. He should take a very nourishing diet, which may include, with advantage in some cases, a considerable proportion of animal food, especially if the digestive organs are somewhat weak. Abundance of sleep should be taken, and the patient should ride out in the open air and sunshine daily, and take other gentle exercises. Care should be taken, however, to avoid much exercise, and the patient should, for a time at least, spend the larger share of the twenty-four hours in a horizontal position. A considerable amount of mental exercise may be taken to advantage after quite a degree of improvement has been secured, except in a few cases in which the affection is the result of mental overwork. The employment of massage, inunction, and applications of electricity to the spine, etc., are beneficial. Advantage will also be derived from the use of a very mild galvanic current, passed through the head by placing the two poles upon the bony prominences behind the ears.