This is a disease of the skin characterized by redness, due to active congestion or inflammation. It may occur as a simple diffused redness, produced by cold, friction from wearing flannel clothes, the rubbing together of two folds of skin, etc. It also accompanies various other diseases of the skin. Sometimes, in addition to the diffused redness, an eruption of small red pimples occurs on the face or hands. The digestion is often disturbed, and the patient feels slightly feverish. The duration of the disease is usually very short, little treatment being required. A form of the affection with which young children sometimes suffer, known as "chafing" or intertrigo, is sometimes quite obstinate.

The Treatment of Erythema

The diet should be very light and unstimulating. A warm bath should be taken daily, and the affected parts should be covered with a thin cloth moistened with tepid water, or with a solution of saleratus, a teaspoonful to a pint of water. Intertrigo in young children, generally arises from indigestion and want of cleanliness. The parts should be thoroughly cleansed with tepid water and castile soap twice a day. They should be afterward bathed with cold water and anointed with vaseline or olive oil. Browned flour, corn-meal, starch, and various other powders are frequently used. Starch and powdered lycopodium seed are frequently used, though it is doubtful whether they are really required. Very often, fuller's earth may also be useful. When powders are employed they should be dusted upon the parts after they have been cleansed and dried.