The most efficient measures of treatment are rest, diet, and, when the disease is the result of exposure to cold, vigorous measures for securing activity of the skin, as the wet-sheet pack, the vapor, or the Turkish, bath. The pain in the forehead when extreme may be relieved by fomentations over the affected part at the same time that the patient is taking a hot foot or sitz bath. The local symptoms may be relieved by the nasal douche administered with the syphon syringe. A solution of a teaspoonful of salt in a pint of warm water should be employed. The douche may be used two or three times a day with advantage. From one to three quarts may be injected each time.

When there is a good deal of pain in the nose, a snuff composed of camphor and white sugar finely pulverized, in the proportion of two or three grains of camphor to an ounce of sugar, may be employed.

The soreness of the upper lip which often occurs is due to the irritating effects of acrid discharges from the nose. It may be prevented by keeping the lip smeared with oil, cream, vaseline, or some other unguent. The nose should be wiped with a linen handkerchief which should be frequently changed. Neither silk nor cotton should be used. The habit some patients have of snuffing cold water into the nose is a bad one. It gives temporary relief, but generally protracts the inflammation. When the attack is drawing near its dose, a long walk or ride in the open air is one of the most efficient means of cure. We have often known a long ride on a cold day to cure an acute catarrh at once. This is not, however, the proper remedy to apply at the beginning of the catarrh, bat only after the severity of the first attack has subsided.

The susceptibility to colds is best relieved by a course of treatment to harden the skin. The most efficient measure is the frequent use of cool baths, as the cool spray, etc. The liability to colds may be greatly diminished by the employment of oil inunctions. This measure is especially useful after hot baths which cause vigorous action of the skin. A cold should receive prompt attention, as many chronic diseases of the respiratory organs originate in this way. The popular idea that a cold is a matter of small consequence and needs little attention as the patient will recover without treatment, is an erroneous one, since colds, when left to themselves, nearly always leave the affected part in a more or less diseased condition.

In adult patients, a cold is not at all dangerous in itself, but very young children not infrequently suffer severely and even fatally from its effects. This is especially true of children who are nursing at the breast. The nasal passages being obstructed, it is very difficult for them to take their food in the usual way. In such cases, infants should be fed with a spoon. If this precaution is not taken, death will sometimes occur from want of sufficient nourishment.