The Symptoms of Cold In The Head or Coryza

Chilliness; sneezing: snuffing: lassitude: pain in the forehead; watery discharge from nose, becoming thick and yellow after two or three days; aching in the limbs and back; fever, as indicated by thirst, loss of appetite, and dryness of the skin; eyelids swollen; eyes congested, often suffused with tears.

"Cold in the head" is a simple inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity, and is one of the most common of all affections. It is generally thought to be the result of taking cold, as by getting the feet wet, etc., but it evidently has other causes as well. Sudden checking of the action of the skin by exposure to drafts while it is in a heated state is undoubtedly one of the chief causes. Irritating substances, such as ipecac and fluorine gas will produce this affection in certain individuals. There is also reason for believing it to be contagious, as it may be observed to go through a whole family without there being any other apparent cause than that of contagion. Drs. Salisbury of Cleveland, and E. Cutter of Boston, have recently stated that the disease is caused by certain microscopical germs, which may be communicated from one person to another. Some persons seem to be remarkably susceptible to taking cold in the head, being affected by the slightest exposure. The disease usually lasts from two to seven days and usually terminates in recovery, although when it is frequently repeated in the acute form it may become chronic. In some cases the frontal sinus and the antrum of Highmore become affected, both of these cavities being continuous with the nasal cavity. When they are affected, the headache and pain are very much greater. Sometimes the disease extends into the Eustachian tubes and occasionally also to the ears, thus giving rise to deafness. Several acute diseases, particularly measles, influenza, and typhus fever are ushered in by symptoms of coryza.