This section is from the book "Botanic Drugs Their Materia Medica, Pharmacology and Therapeutics", by Thomas S. Blair. Also available from Amazon: Botanic Drugs, Their Materia Medica, Pharmacology and Therapeutics.
Fragraria vesca, the fruit official in Mexico and Spain, the root also recognized. Strawberry. The leaves are being used in Germany during the war as a cheap substitute for tea.
Fumaria officinalis, France, Mexico, and Spain. Fumitory, tonic, laxative, diuretic, and alterative.
Galeopsis ochroleuca, Austria only. Galeop-sis, related to leonuris and of no defined value.
Garcinia Hanburyi, widely official, including the U. S. P. IX. Gamboge, a hydrogogue cathartic rarely used alone. Is also anthelmintic. An ingredient in the compound cathartic pill. Dose, 2 grains.
Geum urbanum, Denmark only. Water-avens, a tonic and astringent used in the treatment of diarrhea.
Gigartina mamillosa, widely official, inclusive of the U. S. P. IX. Irish Moss. Known as Chondrus in the U. S. P. A demulcent and emulsifying agent.
Glecoma hederaceae, France and Spain. Ground Ivy, a stimulant and tonic of little value.
Hevea Species, widely official. Caoutchouc, Rubber.
Hibiscus Japonicus, Japan only. From the species, probably a demulcent. No definite data available.
Hydrocotyle Asiatica, Mexico, Netherlands, and Spain. Indian Pennywort, a diuretic agent.
Hypericum perforatum, Croatia, France, Mexico, Serbia, and Sweden. St. John's Wort, largely used as an application to cuts and bruises. An astringent, mildly sedative.
Ipomoea hederacea, British only. Pharbitis seed, a purgative similar in action to jalap.
Ipomoea turpethum, four countries. Turpeth, a purgative similar to jalap.
Laminaria Cloustonii, Spain only. Sea-weed tents.
Larix decidua, widely official as the source of Venice turpentine. See "Abies."
Laserpitium Siler, Spain only. Name not found in botanies or other works. Can't define it.
Levisticum officinale, Germany and Switzerland. Lovage, carminative, diaphoretic, and reputed emmenagogue.
Manihot utilissima, Japan and Mexico. Tapioca.
Maranta arundinacea, four countries. Bermuda Arrowroot.
Marsdenia Condurango, widely official. Con-durango, an astringent bitter formerly brought into prominence by claims made that it will cure gastric cancer.
Mercurialis annua, France only. Dog's mercury, purgative.
Minnsops Balata, Netherlands only. Balata gum, similar to the common chewing gum.
Morus nigra, three countries. Mulberry fruit.
Musa species, Netherlands only. Cera Pisang, a wax.
Myrtus communis, Spain only. Myrtle fruit.
Nicotiana Tabacum, Mexico and Spain. Tobacco.
Nyssa Silvatica, Spain only. Tupelo tents.
Ocinum Basilicum, France and Mexico. Probably Ocymum Basilicum, Basil, an aromatic condiment.
Ononis Spinosa, six countries. Rest Harrow, a diuretic somewhat related to licorice.
Orchis species, widely official. Salep, a nutritious substance analogous to tragacanth. Used pharmaceutically.
Orthosiphan Stamineus, Netherlands only. A Japanese plant used in gout and diseases of the genito-urinary tract.
Oryza Sativa, France only. Rice. Rice Starch in six countries.
Palaquiun species, widely official. Gutta Percha.
Paronychia argentea, Spain only. Nailwort, a wild pink of no defined value.
Peucedanum graveolens. British only. Dill, an aromatic. The oil also official in B. Pharm.
Peumus Boldus, Mexico and Spain. Boldo leaves, an aromatic employed in genito-urinary diseases.
Phellandrium agnaticum, Italy and Spain. Water hemlock, a mild narcotic, known in the U. S. by the name Oenanthe phellandrium.
Picrorhiza Kurroa, British only. A tonic used in India.
Pimpinella Saxifraga, five countries. Saxifrage, a nervine tonic.
Pinites succinifera, Mexico, Netherlands, and Norway. Amber and Oil of Amber.
Piper Betle, British only. Betel, a form of catechu.
Pisatacia lentiscus, widely official. Mastic, a resin.
Plantago, Netherlands and Spain. Plantain, used in soothing cerates. Mild sedative. Used somewhat in genito-urinary irritation.
Polygonum aviculare, Austria only. Knotgrass, a mild astringent.
Polygonum bistorta, Belgium and France. Bistort, an astringent less efficient than kino.
Polyporpus foinentarius, three countries. Surgeon's Agaric.
Polyporpus Officinalis, six countries. White Agaric, known as punk or spunk.
Polulus nigra, France and Spain. Black Poplar Buds, act as the turpentines and balsams.
Potentilla Tormentilla, France and Switzerland. Tormentilla, a simple and rather powerful astringent.
Psidium Guaiava, Netherlands only. Guava leaves, employed as a febrifuge. The fruit is the source of guava jelly, much esteemed by invalids.
Pueraria Thunbergiana, Japan only. The source of Kuzu Starch.
Ribes rubrum, France and Spain. Currants.
Rosa, the petals of rose and oil of rose; widely official.
Ruscus aculeatus, France and Spain. Box Holly. No definite information on medicinal action.
Ruta graveolens, five countries. Rue and Oil of Rue, stimulant and antispasmodic, acrid narcotic in large doses.
Saponaria officinalis, France and Mexico. Soapwort, interferes with cardiac and respiratory functions. Contains saponin, which is violently toxic to man. Saponaria is an active drug with no defined range of usefulness.
Satureja hortensis, France only. Summer Savory.
Schleichera Trijuga, Netherlands only. Koes-ambi oil, a substance allied to shellac, used as varnish.
Scolopendrium officinale, Netherlands. Harts-tongue, a disagreeable demulcent agent.
Scopola Carniolica, Japan and U. S. P. VIII. Scopola, a source of scopolamine, q. v. in index.
Scorozonera Hispanica, Spain only. Viper's grass, a supposed remedy for the bite of a viper.
Sesamum Indicum, widely official and added to the U. S. P. IX. Sesame Oil, an excellent emollient suitable to apply to the hair. Laxative in large doses.
Sempervivum tectorum, Spain only. House-leek.
Shorea Stenoptera, Netherlands. Source of Shorea Oil, not "shore oil," a form of cod-liver oil. This is listed as a fixed oil from the seed. No definite information available.
Slmaruba Amara, four Countries. Slmaruba bark, a simple bitter tonic.
Spergularia rubra, Spain only. Sand-Spurry, used in the treatment of gravel. Formerly a secret remedy.
Spirea ulmaria, Belgium and Switzerland. Queen of the Meadow, a tonic diuretic.
Swertia Chirayita, British and U. S. P. VIII. Chiretta, a simple bitter.
Symplocos odoratissima, Netherlands. Belongs to the Styracacaea, an astringent of agreeable odor.
Taraktogenos Kurzii, British only. Used in India.
Terminally Chebula, British only. Immature Myrobalans fruit, an astringent used in diarrhea.
Teucrium Chamaedrys, France only. Gery-mander, an aromatic bitter. Another species, T. scordium, is official in three countries as water.