Triturationes (Triturations)

Solid preparations made by-triturating a medicinal substance with a definite percentage of sugar of milk (Saccharum Lactis). The U. S. P. contains one:

Dose.

Trituratio Elaterini......1/2 to 1 gr.; .03-. 06 gm.

Trochisci (Troches)

Solid preparations, usually in flattened form, consisting of one or more medicinal substances mixed with sugar or extract of liquorice and held in form by the addition of mucilage. Fifteen are official in U. S. P.

Examples: Trochisci Catechu, Trochisci Sodii Bicarbonatis. The dose of each is from 1 to 6 troches in the course of the day.

Unguenta (Ointments)

Unctuous preparations, either soft or solid at ordinary temperatures, but liquid upon being rubbed upon the skin. They are generally spread over the skin, or may be rubbed into it. They are only intended for external use. The basis is either lard, olive oil, expressed oil of almond, lard oil, wax, suet, spermaceti, or paraffin. When it is required that the active ingredient should be absorbed, lard, which melts at about the temperature of the body, or hydrous wool fat, is the best basis; when the ointment is required for sores, paraffin is a good basis, as it only softens a little at the temperature of the body. In hot countries, if the ointment would otherwise be too soft, the basis may be replaced by indurated lard, prepared suet, white or yellow wax. Benzoinated lard is often used to prevent decomposition. Twenty-seven are official in U. S. P.

Examples: Unguentum Hydrargyri, Unguentum Iodi.

Vina

Wines are weak tinctures, the drug being extracted with white wine, containing twenty to twenty-five per cent. by weight of absolute alcohol.

Dose.

Vinum Opii........................

3 - 20 Vina 132 ; .20 - 1.20 c.c.

- Colchici Radicis........................

5 - 15 Vina 133 ; .30 - 1.00 c.c.

- Antimonii..............................

5 - 60 Vina 134 ; .30 - 4.00 c.c.

- Ipecacuanhae...........................

1 - 60 Vina 135 ; .06 - 4.00 c.c.

- Colchici Seminis.........................

10 - 30 Vina 136 ; .60 - 2.00 c.c.

- Ferri Citratis...................

1 - 2 fl Vina 137 ; 4.00 - 8.00 c.c.

- Ergotae.............................

1 - 4 fl Vina 138 ; 4.00 - 15.00 c.c.

- Ferri Amarum......................

- Album.......................

as menstruum.

- Rubrum........................

"

- Aromaticum................................

as lotion.

With Vinum Antimonii and Vinum Ipecacuanhae the dose depends upon the purpose for which the drug is used.

The following preparations not occurring in the U. S. P. are used: