This section is from the book "Materia Medica Pharmacy, Pharmacology And Therapeutics", by W. Hale White. Also available from Amazon: Materia Medica Pharmacy, Pharmacology And Therapeutics..
Adhesive preparations for external use, containing wax, capable of being spread at ordinary temperatures, and not melting at the temperature of the body. Six are official in U. S. P.
Ceratum Cantharidis - Cetacei
- Plumbi Subacetatis
Non-absorbent papers coated with plaster-like preparations and used like plasters. The U. S. P. contains two:
Charta Sinapis, made from mustard.
- Potassii Nitratis, made from potassium nitrate.
Preparations for external use, either simple collodion, a solution of pyroxylin in ether and alcohol, or impregnated with an active substance. When applied externally a protective film is formed owing to the rapid volatilization of the solvent. The U. S. P. contains four:
Confectio Rosae, used as a basis for pills.
- Sennse . . . dose, 1 - 2
; 4.- 8. gm.
Liquid preparations of organic drugs, 5 grammes of drug to 100 c.c. of decoction unless otherwise specified by the physician or Pharmacopoeia, made by exhausting the drug by boiling in water, straining the resulting liquid, and adding sufficient cold water to secure the required ratio. The U. S. P. contains two:
1 - 4 fl ; 30. - 120. c.c.
- Sarsaparillae Compositum . .
Decoctions should be freshly made, as they are liable to decompose.
Sweet and aromatic liquid preparations, containing 20 to 25 per cent. of alcohol. There are two in the U. S. P.:
dose, 1/2 - 21/2 fl ; 2. - 10. c.c.
Tenacious preparations for external application, solid at ordinary temperatures, but pliable and adhesive at the temperature of the body. Those of the U. S. P. are:
- Aminoniaci cum Hydrargyro
Lead plaster as the basis.
Lead plaster and wax as the basis.
Resin plaster, which is made from Lead plaster, as the basis.
Resin and soap plaster as the basis.
- Picis Burgundicae
Wax the basis.
- Picis Cantharidatum