This section is from the book "Practical Dietetics With Special Reference To Diet In Disease", by William Gilman Thompson. Also available from Amazon: Practical Dietetics with Special Reference to Diet in Disease.
Sound fruits may be allowed before and after the meal, according to taste, as oranges without pulp, grapes (seeds not to be swallowed), peaches, thoroughly ripe pears, and cantaloupes.
Every day: Milk, milk toast or bread and butter, stewed fruit.
From the third to the fifth year the child has twenty teeth, and often three meals a day suffice, although from the third to the fourth year four may be given. After three years of age it is not possible to lay down definite rules for the quantity of food allowed. In health, the appetite may be taken as a fair guide, and the child will not eat too much if taught to eat very slowly and thoroughly chew each mouthful.
When the second set of teeth begin to replace the deciduous or milk teeth, which gradually decay, digestion is sometimes interfered with temporarily from lack of ability to masticate thoroughly, and food should be subdivided before it is offered to the child.
The following rules for meats and vegetables for young children are given by Holt:
After eighteen months, if most of the teeth are present, once daily, finely bruised or scraped rare roast beef, roast lamb, broiled mutton chop or beefsteak, white meat of chicken or turkey, fresh fish boiled or broiled - bones the only objection.
Potatoes (not till after second year) roasted, peas, asparagus tops, spinach, string beans, boiled onions, stewed celery; all should be very well cooked, in season, and fresh".
Fruits are very wholesome food for young children from three or four years onward, provided they are properly selected and not allowed in excess, which is almost the only source of trouble from them. They serve to keep the blood in good condition, favor digestion, and prevent constipation. After the fifteenth month two to six teaspoonfuls of orange juice may be given, and a little later the soft pulp of two or three stewed prunes, or a half-baked or stewed apple.
A child three or four years of age may have a piece of ripe pear, peach, or plum, or strawberries in season. Cherries and bananas should be forbidden. Grape juice is allowed without the skin or seeds. During very hot weather great caution should be observed in giving fruit of any kind to infants.
Bread, rice, oatmeal, and other cereal foods should always enter largely into the dietary of healthy children after they are able to digest them. Their fats should be derived chiefly from butter and cream. The best fruits for them are oranges, cooked apples, and stewed prunes.
Children between three and four years of age should be fed when in health four times a day - at 7 a. m., 10.30 a. m., 1.30 p. m., and 6 p. m. The following is: