The arteries of the Neck
The cervical artery rises from the subclavian on its upper side, and is presently afterwards divided into two, which sometimes come out separately, and at others by a small common trunk; the anterior goes to the anterior muscles which move the neck and head, the posterior to the scalenus, trapezius, etc.
The anterior cervicalis, running behind the carotid of the same side, is distributed to the musculus coraco-hyoidaeus, mastoidaeus, cutaneus, sterno-hyoidaeus, and sterno-thyroidaeus, to the jugular gland, and aspera ar-teria; the muscles of the pharynx, bronchia, oesophagus, and to the anterior muscles, which move the neck and head. This artery has been observed to send out the intercostalis superior.
The posterior cervicalis arises sometimes a little after the vertebralis, and sometimes from that artery. It passes under the transverse apophysis of the last vertebra of the neck, and from thence runs up backward, in a winding course, on the vertebral muscles of the neck, and then returns in the same manner. It communicates with a descending branch of the occipital artery, and with another of the vertebral, about the second vertebra. It is distributed to the musculi scaleni, angularis scapulae, and trapezius, and to the jugular glands and integuments.