(From a horse, and to be mad,) a name of the cynocrambe, apocynum, or cynomoron, because, when eaten, it seems to produce madness in horses. It sometimes means the juice of tithymalus, and occasionally the secundines of a mare, or the fleshy substance which adheres to the forehead of a foal.
(From a horse, and fennel. Horse fennel; and English s\xifrage. See Raii Hist. Plant. Saxifraga An-clica.
The name of a malagma described by AEtius.
S, Hippophaestum, (from its juice purging horses). Dioscorides describes it in lib. iv. cap. 162; but it is not known to modern systematics. The synonyms, according to Dale, are the cnaphosrham-nus, lappago, hippomanes; and it is probably the hip-pophae rhamnoideshin. Sp.pl. 1452;therhamnus salicis folio angustiorefructufiavescente of ('. Bauhine. The purgihg thorn. It grows in the Morea, and the juice is an active purgative. Though the rhamnus calharticus and thetithymalus maritimus vol spinosus have also been considered as synonyms, they seem to have different properties specified under their separate titles.
(From a horse, and purslane; so named because it resembles a large kind of purslane). Alexanders; Smyrnium, mace-rona, herba Alexandrina, grielum,agrioselinum,smyr-niuni olusatrum Lin. Sp. Pl . 376; an umbelliferous plant, with leaves like smallage, but larger. It is a large kind of parsley, and was formerly blanched in gardens for culinary use. The seeds, macedonensium semina, are bitterish, aromatic, and carminative, yielding their virtue to rectified spirit of wine, but not fully to water. The roots are bitter, and recommended as resolvent, diuretic, and emmenagogue. On incision they yield a whitish juice, resembling myrrh; whence the plant hath been called, from one of the names of that gummy resin, Smyrniun. See Raii Historia Plantarum.
(From equus, a horse). A trembling and twinkling of the eyes, supposed to be usual with those who ride on horseback. Gorraeus thinks it is an affection contracted from the birth, owing to a convulsion in the muscle which sustains the eye.
See Brasiliensium lignum.