Magellantca Aroma Tica Arbor

See Winteranus cortex.

Magiste Rium

(From magister, a master). The ancient chemists meant by this term a peculiar and secret method of preparing any medicine; but at present it is applied to powders made by solution and precipitation (see Bf.nzoinum, Bismuthum, and Calaminaris Lapis), to resins, or resinous extracts, or any white powder peculiarly subtile and light. The term generally implies that some of the menstruum remains. At present we have no general idea, or established characteristic, to distinguish magistery from precipitate. Every magistery is some kind of precipitate; but every precipitate is not a magistery.

Magistrates

(from the same). See Medicamenta Extemporanea.

Magistrantia

(From Magistrantia 4824 magistro, to rule; so called by way of eminence. See Imperatoria.

Magma

(From Magma 4825 to blend together,) ecpiesma. In a more general sense it is any thick ointment that will not melt with the heat of the body, or a poultice that will not easily spread: more strictly the faeces of any ointment after the thinner parts are strained off: Galen limits the term to the faeces of myrobalans.

Ma Gna Arte Ria. The large artery. See Aorta.

Magnum

Os; the third and largest bone of the second row in the wrist. See Carpus.

Magnus Morbus

The epilepsy. Hippocrates.

Magudaris

(From Magudaris 4826 See Silphium.

Mahmoody

See Scamonium.

Mahogani

This beautiful wood is procured from the swietenia mahogani Lin. Sp. Pl. 548, and the bark resembles, in appearance and qualities, very nearly the Peruvian bark. The trees which produce them are also closely connected by botanical affinities.

Maia Nthemum

See Lilicm convallum.

Maiden

Hair Tree, brought originally from Japan, by Thunberg, was styled the tree of forty crowns, from its usual price; but it is easily propagated by cuttings, and now common. The appellation was derived from its leaves resembling those of the adiantum, and Linnaeus formed a genus, which he styled ginko; found only in one of his later mantissa. This plant was the ginko biloba. It flowered for the first time in England in 1796, and the president of the Linnaean society referred it to a new genus, calling it salisburia, with the trivial name of adiantifolia (Linnaean Transactions, iii. 330). It is chiefly cultivated for its beauty and its nuts, which are not produced till the tree is old. They are said by Kempfer to be nutrient and corroborant.

Mail

A Nschi. A species of rhamnus, growing in Malabar; Lawsonia spinosa Lin. Sp. Pl. 498. A decoction of its root is commended in gout, and of its leaves in jaundice.

Mail

Elou, and Mail-elou-katou, are tal' evergreen trees growing in Malabar, which are not found in modern systems. A decoction of the bruised leaves and bark is said to be useful in the after pains, and to promote the lochia.