Ventilation Of Toilet Rooms

It goes without saying that any toilet room, whether in a school-house or other building, in which a number of water closets are grouped together, should be well ventilated. In case the water closets are of a siphon type, or of any other design which contains a large volume of water and but little soiling surface, ventilation of the room will be all that is necessary, the vent registers being located immediately back of the closets. If washout closets are used, on the other hand, and it might be added, emphatically, that they should not be, each closet should be separately vented through a local vent, having at least eight square inches of surface, connected to a shaft having a positive draft insured by mechanical means. If for any reason the toilet room is so located that the air is heavy and ventilation consequently sluggish, or if it is approached by descending a few steps into the room, each closet, of whatever type, should be separately vented with a local vent. In many cases it is better to vent the closets than to vent the room through registers located back of the closets; but as a rule, it is better to vent the closet compartments used by girls, than to vent the closets by means of local vents.

Teachers' Room

In addition to the general toilet accommodations for the students, each floor, or each classroom, should be provided with a retiring-room and toilet accommodations for the teachers. This is a provision too often overlooked in the design of school buildings, although it is as necessary as toilet accommodations for the children.

Infirmary

A provision which should be made in all school buildings - in fact, which should be required wherever a large number of people congregate - is a room set aside as an infirmary and equipped with the fixtures necessary for emergency cases. For instance, there should be a lavatory, a water closet, bath tub and possibly a hospital slop sink. While this provision has been neglected to a great extent in the past it is more than likely that the action of a few of the Eastern cities, notably Boston, in providing medical supervision of the schools,* will be followed throughout the United States when the benefits derived from the system become known. In Boston, at the present time, a nurse is in charge of the physical welfare of the children in each school, to assist in testing the sight, hearing and other senses of the pupils, with a view of correcting any infirmity which might prevent their applying themselves to their studies as they should. In addition the nurses are always on the lookout to detect premonitory symptoms of contagious diseases like measles, mumps, whooping-cough and fevers.

In order that the nurse will have the proper facilities and a suitable place to conduct her examinations in, an infirmary will be found indispensable in schools which contemplate medical supervision. Even where there is no medical supervision an infirmary containing the fixtures enumerated and a couch to lie on should be provided.

Fainting fits and other weaknesses are not uncommon where a number of children are gathered together, and a suitable place should be provided for the treatment of the patient in such cases.