Water-Gloset Accommodations

In planning primary and intermediate school buildings, the practice of grouping all toilet accommodations together in one place, which is usually located in the basement of the buildings, has become firmly rooted in school design. Within recent years, however, there is indication of a desire to break away from that set practice, and the more advanced architects, who make a study of school design, are placing separate toilet rooms on each floor of the building in the grammar schools, so that students from the several floors will have separate accommodations; while in the primary schools, for pupils under fourteen years of age, the toilet accommodations for each classroom are located in separate and individual toilet rooms adjoining the classrooms. In the latter case, urinals are dispensed with, the same as in the home, and, indeed, the toilet room resembles to a great extent the toilet accommodations in a private house, with which the children are supposed to be familiar.

In the children's toilet rooms children's closets 12 inches in height may very satisfactorily be used, while in the more advanced schools, of course, regular standard-size closets will be installed.

Number Of Fixtures Required

There are no standard rules in the United States for apportioning toilet fixtures in schools. So far as can be derived from plumbing equipments now in satisfactory operation, about one water closet and one and one-half urinal are provided for each fifty male students, or fraction thereof, and one and one-half water closet for each fifty girls in the school. In cases where separate water-closet compartments adjoining classrooms are provided, one water closet for twenty-five students, either male or female, will be found the greatest possible limit, and one to twenty would probably be more nearly right.

In Great Britain a certain number of fixtures are required for schools of different sizes. These will be found listed in tabular form in Table I. In this table lineal feet of urinal trough have been converted into individual urinals. In the original table 8 feet of urinal trough is required for each hundred boys.

, The numbers given in the table will be found perfectly safe and may be followed in any locality:

Table I. Number Of Toilet Fixtures For Schools

Number of Children

Kind and Number of Fixtures

Water Closets

Urinals

Girls

Boys

Infants

Boys

Under 30

children.................

2

1

2

2

" 50

,,

2

2

3

3

" 70

,,

4

2

3

4

" 100

,,

5

3

4

5

" 150

,,

6

3

5

7

" 200

,,

8

4

6

10

" 300

,,

12

5

8

15