An estimate blank, to be general in its scope and applicable to. all parts of the country, would necessarily have items that would not be used under all conditions. For instance, for suburban work and country institutions sewage purification plants might have to be estimated on and, naturally, would have to be included in a complete estimate blank, even though such materials are not required in large cities. On the other hand, in large cities, where the subbasements of tall buildings are extended several stories below the level of the street sewer, sewage-ejectment apparatus must be provided, and such an item should form part of an estimate blank for city use. In the estimate blank shown in Fig. 33 all the various items likely to be required, either in city or country work, are included, and in making up an estimate blank from this form such items as will not be required in that locality may be omitted.

It will be noticed that the various fixture combinations are given complete. This simplifies the estimate blank by cutting down the number of items and reducing the possibility of error. Once the cost of a combination, together with its trimmings, has been ascertained, all that is necessary is to multiply that cost by the number of fixtures. When the various items of brackets, legs, cocks and wastes are estimated separately, however, there is a tendency to allow only one cock or bracket to a lavatory, or in other ways become confused and make an error. To further simplify the blank and keep down size to that of a sheet of legal-cap paper a number of items are only suggested. For instance, instead of enumerating windmills, hydraulic rams and other prime movers for pumping water, the whole list is summed up under the item "pumps." It is obvious that in estimating on operations where the specifications call for a windmill, the intelligent estimator would list it under the item of pumps, as that is the function of the windmill. Likewise, if a ram were to be used, the word pump in the schedule would call it to mind, as the means of moving the water, and the ram would be properly listed.

Estimate Blank

Estimate No............................ Date...........................................................

............................................................................Architect......................................................................Owner

Location and Description of Buildings.............................................................................................................

Data Upon Which This Estimate is Based.......................................................................................

Drawings............................................................... Specifications....................................

Quantity

SIZE

DESCRIPTION

MATERIALS

ESTIMATED COST

ACTUAL con

..........

......

..............

Water Closets complete.......

.......

..........

..........

........

............

Urinals, complete......

..........

........

........

.......

.........

Bath Tabs, complete.....

..........

.........

............

......

..............

Lavatories, complete.....

.......

............

........

........

..............

Shower Baths Complete....

..........

.............

..........

.......

...............

Sitz or Foot Baths, complete

.........

...........

.........

...........

.............

Bidets, complete.......

.......

..........

............

..........

..........

Slop Sinks, complete .....

......

...........

..........

........

.............

Pantry Sinks, complete . .

.......

......

........

.........

........

Kitchen Sinks, complete ...

.........

............

............

...........

...........

Drinking Fountains, complete .

..........

...........

........

.......

..........

Hydrotherapeutic Apparatus .

.......

.........

........

...........

............

Swimming Pool complete . .

.........

..........

.........

...........

.............

Manicure Table and Basins .

........

..........

.........

.........

.............

Operating Table . . .

........

.........

........

..........

................

Laundry Trays, complete . . .

........

..............

........

...........

.............

Pumps . . ...........

..........

............

..........

..........

............

House Tank.........

........

...........

........

........

...........

Suction Tank . ........

.........

............

.........

.........

..............

Hot-Water Tank.......

........

............

.......

.......

.........

Water Heater........

........

..........

.......

...........

.........

Sewage Ejectment Apparatus .

.......

..........

........

...........

...........

Sewage Purification Plant....

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Soil Pipe and Fittings.....

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Ferrules..........

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Cleanouts..........

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Calking Lead........

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Oakum...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Pipe Hangers and Supports

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Wrought Pipe and Fittings . .

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Drainage Fittings ... ...

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Solder Nipples..........

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Brass Pipe and Fittings .

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Lead Pipe..........

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Sheet Lead..........

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Solder............

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Valves and Cocks . . . . .

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Permits and Taps......

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Excavating.........

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Labor, Plumber and Helper . .

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Carpenter Work.......

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Mason Work..........

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Gasoline and Oils .

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Board and Carfare .......

...........

...........

...........

...........

............

Incidentals..........

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Insurance and Guarantees . .

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Earthenware Pipe and Cement

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Grease Traps.........

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Stop-Cock Boxes and Hydrants

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Water Meters........

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Filters.............

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Temperature Regulators . .

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Pressure Regulators

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Marble or Slate........

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Bath-Room Trimmings .... .

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Freight and Drayage.....

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Boxing and Crating.....

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Lead Bends.........

...........

...........

...........

...........

...........

Lead Traps.........

...........

...........

Operating ExpenseS.....................Wet Cort $.................. Profit $.................. Estimate Submitted $...............

Fig. 33.

In the same way water heaters of whatever type are included under the one heading, the paragraph for description being sufficient to describe what kind and make of apparatus is required.

Bath-room fittings, such as soap cups, sponge holders, towel racks, mirrors, tumbler holders, medicine cabinets and scales are all included under the heading "Bath-room Trimmings," for the function of an estimate blank is not to provide an itemized list of everything entering into the make-up of a plumbing installation, but to serve as a memorandum so that no important item of cost can be overlooked. The blank here given has been used extensively and has given perfect satisfaction, combining, as it does, simplicity with thoroughness. Conditions differ in varicms parts of the country, however, and in making up a list each contractor can alter by adding to or striking out any items he may see fit.

In filling out the blank it is well to place a check mark where blank spaces come in the cost column, to show that the items left blank have been considered and are not wanted.

In order to show the method of using the estimate blanks the example, or illustration, following on page 94 is appended as a guide.

It will be noticed that columns are provided on these blanks to show the estimated cost, also the actual cost of materials and labor. The information gained by this method of keeping account of how each item estimated on actually works out in practice is invaluable to a careful business man. As previously stated, profit should be made on every item entering into a plumbing installation and if the cost column shows that the actual cost was greater than the estimated cost the reason should be immediately ascertained and means adopted to prevent a repetition of the loss. Sometimes the cost of materials is advanced between the time of estimating or signing a contract and the ordering of the goods. Such a lesson should teach the contractor the wisdom of covering his contracts immediately by placing orders for all goods entering into the work, unless there should be a falling market. The goods can be ordered for future delivery and a subsequent raise in price will not cause a loss to the contractor. Oftentimes a loss can be traced to the fact that the latest quotation or discount was not properly entered in the cost book. Here, again

the estimate list serves as a check and points out the cause of loss, so a repetition can be avoided.

Materials And Labor

Number

Size

Description

Material

Estimated Cost

Actual Cost

24

5 1/2-feet

Standard Perfecto Plate, P-107

Bath tubs

$ 940.50

$ 940.50

36

...................

Standard Delecto Plate, P-807.....

Water closets

1,710.00

1,710.00

1,000 feet

6-inch

Tar-coated, extra heavy..........

Soil pipe

350.00

328.50

2,600 feet

4-inch

Galvanized, extra strong..........

Wrought pipe

1,040.55

1,060.30

................

..................

Labor of plumber and helper, 600 days....... .....

...................

3,000.00

2,800.00

One No. 36

Cap. 100 gals. hr.

Wilkes..........................

Water heater

32.00

32.00

Soil Pipe And Fittings

SIZE IN INCHES

NUMBER OR FEET

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Soil Pipe.......................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

1/4 Bends.........................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

1/6, 1/8, and 1/16 Bends................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Y or TY Branches................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Traps..................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Cleanouts......................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Double Y or TY Fittings.......................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Crosses.....................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

T Fittings......................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Offsets.................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Increasers...................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Special Fittings...................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Hooks and Hangers...................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Reducers...............

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Vent Tees..............

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Single or Double Hubs..................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Return Bends...............

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Vent Caps........... .

.......

....

....

....

.......

....

....

....

........

BRASS PIPE AND FITTINGS

SIZE IN INCHES

NUMBER OR FEET

3/8

1/2

3/4

1

1 1/4

1 1/2

2

2 1/2

3

Brass Fittings, Iron Pipe Sizes.............

...

....

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

Brass Tubing, Iron Pipe Sizes...........

...

...

..

...

....

....

...

....

....

Brass Tubing, Light................

....

....

....

....

.....

.

..

...

..

Brass Fittings, Light................

...

...

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

COCKS AND VALVES

SIZE IN INCHES

NUMBER

3/8

1/2

3/4

1

1 1/4

1 1/2

2

2 1/2

3

Globe Valves...................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Globe Valves..................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Stop Cocks.....................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Angle Valves..................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Check Valves.....................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Safety Valves..................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Safety Valves................................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

RECESSED DRAINAGE FITTINGS AND PIPE

SIZE IN INCHES

NUMBER OR FEET

1 1/4

1 1/2

2

2 1/2

3

4

5

6

7

8

10

90° Elbows.............

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

45°, 22 1/2°, 11 1/2o, and 5 5/8°.....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Y Branches............

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Double Y Branches ... .

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Double TY Fittings .........

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Three-way Elbows.........

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

TY Branches............

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Crosses................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Return Bends ...........

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Inereasers ........

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Traps...............

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Wrought Pipe............

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

WATER AND VENT FITTINGS

SIZE IN INCHES

NUMBER

1/8

1/4

3/8

1/2

3/4

1

1 1/2

2

2 1/2

3

4

4 1/2

5

Wrought Pipe......

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Elbows.................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Tees...........

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Crosses....................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Flange Unions ......

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

R. and L. Couplings . . .

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Unions...................

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Plugs and Caps .

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

....

Fig. 34.

On the face side of the estimate blank only the total number of lead bends, ferrules, traps, feet of soil pipe, fittings and various other things are shown, but on the reverse side of the estimate blank, as shown in Fig. 34, are tables arranged so that the various quantities of different sizes of pipe, fittings, valves, etc., may be jotted down to complete the record.

In addition to the table of materials a space is provided for keeping a record of the various contractors who submitted estimates on the work, the amount of each bid, the contractor to whom the work was awarded and any remarks which would throw light on the award. It is not always possible, of course, to secure a record of competitor's bids, but when such information is obtainable the records make splendid data for use in future estimating.

Soil Pipe And Fittings 43