Fig. 430. Case Veneered With Arabesque Marqueterie. - Gilt spires and trusses to hood. Viscount Rothermere
Fig. 431. Arabesque Marqueterie Of Dark Wood On Light Ground.
Fig. 432. Seaweed Marqueterie.
Fig. 433. Mosaic Marqueterie. - Collection of D. A. F. Wetherfield, Esq.
This clock has been specially illustrated as an example of a kind and quality for which the clock-collector should seek. In good condition, with the base intact, and the works not tamperedwith, £100 to£125would be a reasonable price to pay.
The collector should, however, seek for exceptional peculiarities, such as dials with the hour circle cut away between the numerals so as to show the brass dial underneath, - the skeleton dial before described, - or the separate numbering of each minute in the outer ring, as such details materially add to the value and interest of the clock and are not always reckoned as extras in the price demanded. Clocks of unusual duration are rare. Thus a month clock will command a higher sum than an eight-day, other things being equal, and a year clock will realise at least four times the price of a month.
Fig. 435. - Figs. 434 and 435. Charles Gretton, London. - 8-day Striking Clock. Added arch top to dial. Dial signed in three places. Oak cases veneered with walnut and inlaid with floral marqueterie. 8 ft. 5 1/2 ins. high over all by 11 1/8 width of waist. Dial 11 ins. wide by 15 3/8 ins. high. Date about 1720-5. Richard Arnold, Esq.
Fig. 437. - Figs. 436 and 437. Christopher Gould, London. - 8-day Striking Clock. Bolt-and-shutter maintaining power. Exceptionally fine hands. Each minute on dial separately numbered. Case decorated with gilt gesso on black lacquer ground. 7 ft. 8 ins. high. 12-in. dial. Date about 1695-1700. D. A. F. Wetherfield, Esq.
A year " striker," that is, a clock with a striking train of a year's duration between windings, is an impossibility. A little thought will show the reason why.
Miniature clocks, i.e. long-cases which are from 4 ft. 6 ins. to 5 ft., or less, are very rare, and clocks with x\ seconds pendulums almost equally so. The collector should note that primitive, "pull-up" hanging wall clocks are frequently found enclosed in miniature cases, but they are never original in this form. Genuine miniature, - or "Grandmother," - clocks should be eight-day, key-winding, and, if possible, with pendulums of seconds length. They were often made, however, with short " bob " or bracket-clock pendulums reaching only to the seat board of the clock. A miniature long-case clock, with key-wind, seconds pendulum, of eight-day duration, with three trains, - i.e. chiming on bells, - and in a good marqueterie case, would be worth from £200 to £300, and certain adjuncts, before described, such as a month's duration, numbered minutes or a skeleton dial, might easily add another £100 to the price. The duration of a clock, between windings, cannot be increased, as would be imagined, by lengthening the fall of the weight and the gut line, as the barrels will only allow a certain number of turns of the line. Neither can another wheel be added without absolutely remodelling the train, - and spoiling the clock, - although this has been gravely stated as a possibility in a recent book on the subject.
A very exceptional miniature eight-day " Grandmother " clock by Christopher Gould, in a fine marqueterie case, is shown in Fig. 415. It is fitted with a pull-repeating string, striking the hours on a large and the quarters on four smaller bells. Its height is only 5 ft. 9 ins., and it is shown with another fine clock, of similar type, by Cornelius Herbert, Fig. 416, both being reproduced to the same scale.
Before leaving the subject of the square dial, it will be advisable to pass a few examples in review and to show the changes which occur in the first years of the eighteenth century. Fig. 417 is a Tompion dial of 1700, of beautiful detail and workmanship. The hands are simple, of fine form, and well pierced and carved. The corner-pieces are of the earlier simple cherub-head form, but the later character is indicated by the band of engraving round the square dial, - a late but unusual feature, - and the setting of the minute divisions back from the outside edge of the hour ring, with a separate circle to contain the Arabic numerals. Although the outer-edged minutes were sometimes used on dials as late as 1705, this separate circle for the numerals is an infallible indication of the eighteenth century. As the years advance, this separate ring becomes larger, until in the later arched form of dial the Arabic numerals are much more important than the minute divisions themselves. Long-case clocks also grow considerably in size after about 1705, about 6 ft. being the usual height from 1700 to 1705, but after 1735 it is not exceptional to find cases as much as 8 ft. 6 ins. from the floor to the top of the dome.
Fig. 438. Samuel Lee, London. - 8-day Striking Clock. - Burr walnut case with carved mouldings. - Date about 1725. - D. A. F. Wetherfield, Esq.