Fig. 450. Aynsworth Thwaites, Clerkenwell. - The companion to Fig. 449. - Offices of H.M. Secretary of State for India. 320
Fig. 451. John Holmes, London. - Mahogany case in the true Chippendale style (very rare). D. A. F. Wetherfield, Esq. II. - 2 T
Fig. 452. An Example Of A Case Usually Known As Chippendale. - These clocks are usually of Lancashire make.
Fig. 453. Edward East, London. - 8-day Striking Bracket Clock. Ebony case. Date about 1680.
Fig. 454. Edward Staunton, London. - 8-day, 3-train, Quarter-strikinc; Clock. Three bells. Ebony case. Date about 1680. - D. A. F. Wetherfield, Esq.
Figs. 436 and 437, which close this series of square-dial clocks, illustrate a superb clock and dial by Christopher Gould in Mr. Wetherfield's collection. The dial has beautiful hands, of the most elaborate kind I have ever seen, and every minute is separately numbered on the outside of the hour ring. The case is decorated with a raised gilded gesso on a ground of black lacquer.
Fig. 455. Robert Seignior, London. - 8-day Striking Bracket Clock. Ebony and tortoise-shell case. Date about 1690.
Fig. 456. The Engraved Back Plate Of Fig. 455. - D. A. F. Wetherfield, Esq.
Generally speaking, the introduction of the arch dial marks a distinct period in English clock-making. Tompion used the arch form on the Pump Room clock at Bath in 1709 and on at least two other examples, but only as an innovation. Fig. 438 is the earliest arch-dial clock I have seen, and this cannot be dated before 1720 and is probably some five years later. In this clock the arch is added for a purpose, to contain a revolving seconds dial with a fixed central pointer. It will be noted in these early examples how low the arch is, rarely as much as the half of a circle. The case of Fig. 438 is even finer than its clock. The carcase-work is of oak, veneered with burr walnut of rich figure, and nearly all the moulding members are carved from solid walnut.
The vogue for lacquer-work, as a decoration for clock-cases, extended from about 1710 nearly to the close of the eighteenth century. One of the earliest examples has already been illustrated in Figs. 436 and 437. Fig. 439 is a fine tall clock, with elaborate finials and trusses to the hood, decorated on a ground of dark green lacquer. Its total height is 9 ft. 4 ins., and it must have been made for an important room. Fig. 440, also a green-lacquered clock of the usual type of 1760-70, is exceptional in possessing a dead-beat escapement, and is of superb quality, equal to a fine regulator, and yet it was made by an insignificant maker in what must, at that date, have been a small Sussex village.
Fig. 458. Edward East, London. - Front and back views of a day-and-night clock. 17 1/2 ins by 12 ins. by 6 1/4 ins. At night the Roman numerals on the revolving disc are illuminated from behind. - Date about 1680.
Fig. 459. Joseph Knibb, London. - 1690
Fig. 460. Samuel Watson, London. - Dated 1687.
Fig. 461. Richard Jarrett, London. - Skeleton dial. 1685.
Fig. 462. Joseph Knibb, London. - 1690 - Examples Of Ebony-Cased Basket-Top Bracket Clocks.
Early English Furniture and J Woodwork From 1725 to about 1740 the fashion was for long-case clocks veneered with figured walnut of the type shown in Fig. 441 and 442. The cornice following the arch of the dial and upper door, as in Fig. 441, is the earlier style. Fig. 442 is a fine clock by John Ellicott, with a chart for calculating the equation of time pasted on the inside of the lower door.
A good example, and an exceptionally fine specimen, of a lacquered case of about 1755-60, is shown in Fig. 443. The ground is red, the ornament raised and gilded in the " Anglo-Chinese " manner of the period. The clock is a chiming and musical movement, playing four tunes, marked as " Song," ' March," ' Minuet " and " Carillon " respectively on the right-hand subsidiary dial in the arch, the left being for "Chime'" and "Not Chime," both dials having a small index pointer. The striking and playing is effected by hammers striking on nested bells, operated from a revolving spiked drum.. This is a good example of the elaborate, and somewhat gaudy clocks which were made for the Spanish market from 1750 to 1770. In the signing of the dial of this clock "David Evans" becomes "Diego Evans." The full style of the firm, "Higgs and Evans of the Royal Exchange" (they had practically a monopoly of the Spanish market, as Mark-wick Markham and Borrell had of the Turkish) was more often engraved " Higgsy Diego Evans." The double concave cresting to the hood was a favourite detail, especially with mahogany cases, from 1750 to 1770. Fig. 444 is an example of the first and Fig. 445 the last of these dates. Both clocks are of good quality, and only minute details of dial and case indicate the early date of the one and the later date of the other. Fig. 446 is a pretty miniature clock in a walnut case of the 1750 period, interesting on account of its diminutive size, but hardly representative of its period, as these small long-case clocks rarely followed current fashions very closely.