Placing Door, Window, And Other Trim. In Fig. 110-a is shown one of the many styles of casing in common use. Base blocks and casing stock are prepared at the mill and the carpenter has but to cut these to the proper lengths and fit and attach them. (1) The base block is first placed, tho some workmen prefer to fit the base first, cutting it to a length such as will allow the proper placing of the block after the base is nailed in position. Where the finish floor is laid last, this block will be scribed at its bottom by means of a piece of flooring, otherwise the dividers would be used. (2) After the blocks are placed the casings are cut to length and nailed. (3) The head member is next made up and placed. It is customary for all door and window heads, where built up, to be constructed at one time. It should be noted that door casings are not placed flush with the face of the jamb. They should be kept back about 5/16". This is to allow the easy placing of hinges and also for appearance' sake. In all casing work the expedient of sawing under at the back should be supplemented by the use of the block plane, where necessary, that tight joints may result.
Window stool stock, like that of casings, is prepared at a mill and needs only to be cut to length and have the ends "returned" to match the face edge. (1) Lower the sash, then fit the stool to this allowing enough "play" that subsequent paint or varnish may not cause the stool to bind the lower rail of the sash. (2) Place and nail the apron. (3) Cut and place the side casin'gs.
Fig. 131. Using Block to Locate Door Stop Position on Jamb.
Note that side casings are placed flush with the face of the jambs. The crack so formed is concealed when the stop bead is placed. (4) Place the head.
Base boards and base mould may now be placed. Blocks of a thickness of the finish floor placed along the wall at frequent intervals will serve to locate the position of the base above the rough floor, when the finish floor is to be laid afterward. Internal corners of base mould and picture mould, when of irregular face, should be coped. External corners should have mitered joints. Shoe mould will be placed after the finish floor is laid.
Stop beads may next be placed in the windows and in such doors as are not rabbeted. Head stops are placed first and the side stops then coped to these. A block of a width equal to the thickness of the door will be an aid in placing stops easily, Fig. 131. Window stops should be so placed that the lower sash may move freely as it is raised.