JACARANDA, the Portuguese and continental name for Rose-wood, which see.


The wood of all the species is more or less aromatic, and very durable; they are found in the cold and temperate parts of the world. Some have already been mentioned under the head of Cedar. The common juniper, Juniperus communis, has wood which is aromatic, finely veined, and of a yellowish brown colour; J. excelta, lofty or Himalayan cedar, is found on those mountains, as well as in Siberia and North America.


KING-WOOD, called also Violet-wood, is imported from the Brazils, in trimmed logs from 2 to 7 in. diameter, generally pipy, or hollow in the heart. It is beautifully streaked in violet tints of different intensities, finer in the grain than rose-wood, and is principally used in turning and small cabinet-work; being generally too unsound for upholstery. It is perhaps one of the most beautiful of the hard woods in appearance.

The specimen in my German cabinet is marked Spartium Arbor. Trifol. lign. violacceo barrillieri. It is also marked Guiana-wood, and King-wood. The description is sufficiently distinct, but the arbitrary nature of many of the names renders it difficult to bo traced in books.




LABURNUM, (Cytisus Laburnum,) possesses poisonous seeds, and a small dark greenish brown wood, that is sometimes used in ornamental cabinet-work and marquetry. Mr. Aikin says: "In the Laburnum there is this peculiarity, which I have not observed in any other wood, namely, that the medullary plates, which are largo and very distinct, are white, whereas the fibres are a dark brown; a circumstance that gives quite an extraordinary appearance to this wood." - Page 160 of Vol 50, Trans. Soc. of Arts.

The Alpine laburnum, with blockish wood, is Cytisus alpinus.


LANCE-WOOD is imported in long poles from 3 to 6 in. diameter from Cuba and Jamaica; it has a thin rind, externally similar to that of cocoa-wood, it is called one of the rough-coated woods, and has a bark distinct from the sap-wood, but together they are very thin. Lance-wood is of a paler yellow than box, and rends easily; it is selected for elastic works, such as gig shafts, archery bows, and springs; these are bent by boiling or steaming.

Lance-wood is also used for surveyors' rods, billiard cues, and for ordinary rules which are described as being made of box-wood.

In Captain Baker's Papers an Indian Lance-wood is called Mendban.

The lance-wood of Jamaica is Guatteria virgata, formerly Uraria lanceolata. That of Guiana is an Anonaceous plant, and probably the same species.


LARCH. See Pines.


LETTER-WOOD. See Snake-wood.


LEMON-TREE. See Orange-tree.




LOGWOOD, called also Campeachy logwood, is from the bay of that name, and from Jamaica, Honduras, Ac. It is scarcely used for turning, and is a dark purple red dyewood, that is consumed in large quantities: its botanical name is Haematoxylon compechianum.