MARACAYBO is a furniture wood of moderate size, as hard as good mahogany, and in appearance between it and tulip-wood. It is sometimes called Maracaybo cedar, but it has no resemblance to the cedar, although it may grow in the vicinity of the Bay of Maracaybo. A wood in Mr. Morney's collection from Rio Janeiro, marked Maracauba, is similar to the above.
MEDLAR-TREE, (Mespilus germanica,) the wood is white, soft, and being small is not much used, except for walking-sticks.
MICOCOULIER See Nettle-tree.
Specimens of the Mora-tree were brought home by Mr. Schom-burgk, and have been described by Mr. Bentham under the head Mora excelsa; the tree is 100 feet high, and abundant, the wood is close-grained like teak, and superior to oak, esteemed for ship-building, and likewise fitted for knees from the branches growing crooked; in colour it resembles moderately red mahogany.
MOSATAHIBA. See Mustaiba.
MULBERRY-TREE, (Morus,) consists of about twenty varieties, of which the yellow fustic is one that is imported in considerable quantities from Rio de
Janeiro. Bergeron very strongly recommends the white mulberry, which he describes as similar to elm, but very close in the grain, and suitable for furniture. He says the white is greatly superior to the black mulberry.
Morus nigra is the black, and Morus alba the white mulberry; there are several other species of which the wood is esteemed for its toughness, as of Morus parvi-folia in India, for hardness and tenacity. See Fustic.
MUSTAIBA, from the Brazils and Rio Janeiro, is imported in logs about 7 by 10 in., also in planks: it is generally of an inferior rosewood character, but harder, and is sometimes equally good; the veins are of a chesnut brown, running into black. In its grain it resembles some of the iron-woods and black partridge-wood, it has fewer resinous veins than the rose-woods. Mosatahiba, as well as lignum-vitae, cocoa-wood, etc, is used at Sheffield for the handles of glaziers' and other knives; some of the better kinds are very good for turning, as the wood is close, sound, and heavy.
I have copied the Portuguese name for this wood from Mr. Morney's and Mr.-'s specimens in Sir W. Symonds' collection; it is known in England as Mosatahiba.
NETTLE-TREE, (Celtis australis,) Micocoulieur of the French, has wood that is compact, between oak and box for density, and takes a high polish; it is described in the French works as a heavy, dark, close wood, without bark, very durable and free from flaws. It is said to be used for flutes, and for carving; it is also called low de Perpignam.
NICARAGUA-WOOD, a native of South America, is imported from the Bay of Nicaragua, and also from St Lucia, Rio do la Hache, Mexico, Ac, in rough groovy logs without sap, that measure from 2 to 9 inches through, and 2 to 3 feet long.
Another sort, from Lima, Jamaica, and Peru, called by the dyers Peach-wood, apparently from the colour for which it is used, is shipped in logs sometimes as huge as 18 in. diameter, and 6 ft long. Both are similar to Brazil-wood in colour, and are generally too unsound for turning.
The trees Yielding Nicaragua and Peach woods have not been yet ascertained, but have been supposed to be species of Caesalpinia, or of Haematorylon, but they may be very distinct, as coloured woods belong to other genera.