RUBY-WOOD. See Red Saunders.


SALLOW, (Salix caprea,) is white, with a pale red cast, like red deal, but without the veins. The wood is soft and only used for very common works, such as children's toys: like willow, of which it is a variety, it is planed into chips, and made into bonnets and baskets; it splits well. See Willow.


SAPAN-WOOD, or Buckum-wood, (Caesalpinia Supan,) is obtained from a species of the same genus that yields the Brazil-wood. It is a middle-sized tree, indigenous to Siam, Pegu, the coast of Coromandel, the Eastern Islands, etc. It is imported in pieces like Brazil-wood, to which, for the purposes of dyeing, it is greatly inferior; it is generally too unsound to be useful for turning.


SASSAFRAS-WOOD is a species of laurel, (Sassafras officinalis;) the root is used in medicine. The small wood is of a light-brown, the large is darker; both are plain, soft, and close. Sassafras-wood measures from 4 to 12 in. diameter; it is sometimes chosen for cabinet-work and turning, on account of its scent.


SAUL, or Sal, an East Indian timber-tree, the Shorea robusta; (See 377, Dr. Wallich's Catalogue): this wood is in very general use in India for beams, rafters, and various building purposes; Saul is close-grained and heavy, of a light brown colour, not so durable but stronger and tougher than teak, and is one of the best timber-trees of India. Captain Baker considers Saul to resist strains, howsoever applied, better than any other Indian timber; he says the Morung Saul is the best. The Sissoo appears to be the next in esteem, and then the teak, in respect to strength. See Baker's Papers.


SAUNDERS. See Red Saunders.


SERVICE-TREE. This is a kind of thorn, and bears the service-berry, which is eaten: it is very much like English sycamore in every character as regards the wood.

Bergeron describes the service-tree as a very hard, heavy, and useful wood, of a red-brown colour, and well adapted to the construction of all kinds of carpenters' tools. He says they will glue slips of the service-tree upon moulding planes, the bulk of which are of oak, on account of its hardness and endurance. He also speaks of a foreign service-tree, (Cormier des Isles,) which is harder, but more grey in colour, and more veined: these appear to be totally different woods.

Sissoo. Dalbergia Sissoo

SISSOO, (Dalbergia Sissoo,) is one of the most valuable timber-trees of India, and with the Saul, is more extensively employed than any other in northwest India. The ship-builders in Bengal select it for their crooked timbers and knees; it is remarkably strong; its colour is a light greyish brown, with darker coloured veins. "In structure it somewhat resembles the finer species of teak, but it is tougher and more elastic." There are two kinds used respectively in Bengal and Bombay, the latter is much darker in colour. The Indian black rose-wood, (Dalbergia latifolia,) is a superior species of Sissoo from the Malabar coast. See Baker's Papers.