SANDAL-WOOD is the produce of Santalum album, a tree having somewhat the appearance of a large myrtle. The wood is extensively employed as a perfume in the funeral ceremonies of he Hindoos. The deeper the colour, which is of a yellow-brown, and the nearer the root, the better is the perfume. Malabar produces the finest sandal-wood; it is also found in Ceylon, and the South Sea Islands. It is imported in trimmed logs from 3 to 8 and rarely 14 in. diameter; the wood is in general softer than boxwood, and easy to cut It is used for parts of cabinets, necklaces, ornaments, and fans. The bark of the sandal-wood gives a most beautiful rod or light claret-coloured dye, but it fades almost immediately when used as a simple infusion; in the hands of the experienced dyer it might, it is supposed, be very useful.

There are woods described in the French works as red sandal-woods, and one specimen is so marked in Baker's collection; probably they are varieties of red saunders or sapan woods. See Calembeg.

The sandal-wood tree of the Malabar coast is the Santalum album; that of the South Sea Islands is considered to be a distinct species, and has been named Santaltim Freycinetianum; there is a spurious sendal-wood in the Sandwich Isles, called by the natives Northie (Myoperum tenuifollum).