1. To the Kalapurusha, the Sun is the soul, the Moon is the mind, Mars is strength, Mercury is speech, Jupiter is knowledge and health, Venus is desire, and Saturn is sorrow. Of the planets, the Sun and the Moon are kings, Mars is general, Mercury is the first prince, Jupiter and Venus are counsellors and Saturn is servant.

2. Heli is the Sun; Seetharasmi is the Moon; Hemna, Vit, Gna, Bodhana and Induputra (son of Moon) are the names of Mercury; Ara, Vakra, Kruradrik, Avaneya (son of earth) are the names of Mars; Kona, Manda, Suryaputra (son of the Sun) and Asita (the black planet) are the names of Saturn.

3. Jeeva, Angirasa, Suraguru (the preceptor of the Devas), Vachasampati, Ijya are the names of Jupiter; Sukra, Bhrigu, Bhrigusuta, Sita (the white planet), Asphujit, are the names of Venus; Tama (darkness), Agu and Asura are the names of Rahu (the Moon's ascending node); Sikhi is the name of Ketu (the Moon's descending node). Terms synonymous with the above should also be accepted (as the names of the several planets).

4. The Sun is of a red and dark-brown color; the Moon is white; Mars is not of a tall figure and is both red and white; Mercury is green like the color of the bent grass; Jupiter is yellow like molten gold; Venus is neither very white nor very black, and Saturn is black.


The color of a person will be that of the planet most powerful at the time of his birth.

5. The Sun presides over copper color; the Moon over white color; Mars over red color; Mercury over green color; Jupiter over yellow color; Venus over a mixture of various colors; and Saturn over black color, (a)

The Sun is Agni; the Moon is Varuna; Mars is Subrahmanya; Mercury is Vishnu; Jupiter is Indra; Venus is Indrani (Indra's wife); and Saturn is Brahma, (b)

The Sun pesides over east; Venus, south-east; Mars, south; Rahu, south-west; Saturn, west; the Moon, north-west; Mercury, north; Jupiter, north-east, (c)

The waning Moon, the Sun, Mars, Saturn and Mercury when in conjunction with any of these, are malefic planets, (d)


(a). These are useful in ascertaining the color of stolen articles and in determining the color of the flowers to be used in the worship of the planets.

(b). From the powerful planet at the time of one's birth, it can be ascertained which particular Deva, a person would worship.

(c). These are useful in determining the position of the entrance of the delivery room of a woman and in discovering the direction of escape of thieves.

(d). Jupiter, Venus, and Mercury when in conjunction with either of these, are benefic planets.

6. Mercury and Saturn are hermaphrodite planets (a), the Moon and Venus are female planets, and the rest (b) are male planets. Mars is fire; Mercury is earth; Jupiter is akas (ether); Venus is water and Saturn is air. (c)


(a). Mercury is female hermaphrodite and Saturn is male hermaphrodite.

(b). That is, the Sun, Mars and Jupiter are male planets.

(c). Also the Sun is fire and the Moon water.

7. Venus and Jupiter are Brahmins; Mars and the Sun are Kshatriyas; the Moon is a Vaisya; Mercury is a Sudra and Saturn is a Chandala.

The Moon, the Sun and Jupiter are of Satwaguna (good temper); Mercury and Venus are of Rajoguna (passionate temper); Mars and Saturn are of Tamoguna(dark temper).

8. The Sun has somewhat yellow eyes, is of the height of the length of the two arms stretched out, of bilious nature and with very little hair on his head.

The Moon has a thin and a round body, is of an exceedingly windy and phlegmatic nature, is learned and has a soft voice and beautiful eyes.

9. Mars has sharp and cruel eyes and a young body, is generous, of bilious nature, of unsteady mind, and has a narrow middle.

Mercury has an impediment in his speech, is fond of joke, and is of a bilious, windy and phlegmatic nature.

10. Jupiter has a big body, (a) yellow hairs and eyes, high intellectual powers, and a phlegmatic nature


Venus leads a comfortable life, has a beautiful body, fair eyes, a windy and phlegmatic nature, and black curling hairs.


(a). Jupiter is the biggest of all planets, and the ancient Hindus were aware of this centuries ago.

11. Saturn is lazy, has eyes of gold color, a thin and tall body, large teeth, stiff hair, and is of a windy nature.

Saturn is strong in muscles, the Sun in bones, the Moon in blood, Mercury in skin, Venus in semen, Jupiter in flesh, and Mars in the marrow of the bones.

12. The Sun presides over the place of worship; the Moon over wells; Mars over the fire place; Mercury over play grounds; Jupiter over the store room; Venus over bed room, and Saturn over places where sweepings are gathered.

The garment of the Sun is of thick thread; that of the Moon is new; that of Mars is partly burnt; that of Mercury is wet; that of Jupiter is somewhat used; that of Venus is strong; and that of Saturn is torn.

The Sun presides over copper; the Mcon over gems; Mars over gold; Mercury over brass; Jupiter over silver; (a) Venus over pearls; and Saturn over iron.

When either Saturn is in the ascendant or when his Drekkana is rising, the season denoted is Sisira - January and February.

When either Venus is in the ascendant, or when his Drekkana is rising, the season denoted is Vasanta (Spring) - March and April.

Similarly, in the case of the Sun or Mars, the season denoted is Greeshma (Summer) - May and June. In the case of the Moon, the season is Varsha - July, and August In the case of Mercury the season is Sarat (Autumn)-.

September and October. And in the case of Jupiter the season is Hemanta (Winter) - November and December.


(a). When Jupiter is in his house, he presides over gold.

13. All the planets aspect the 3rd and 10th houses with a quarter sight; the 5th and 9th houses with half a sight, the 4th and 8th houses with three-quarters of a sight, and the 7th house with a full sight; but Saturn aspects the 3rd and 10th houses with a full sight; Jupiter aspects the 5th and 9th houses with a full sight, and Mars aspects the 4th and 8th houses with a full sight.