Aurelle (or D'Aurelle) DE Paladdes, a French soldier, born in 1803. He distinguished himself in the Crimean war. Before the outbreak of the war with Germany in 1870 he was commander of the 5th military division of France, at Metz. After the fall of the empire he was charged by the provisional government at Tours with the formation of the army of the Loire. After a battle near Coulmiers, he drove Gen. von der Tann from Orleans (Nov. 9-10), winning the first French victory over the Germans. For this he was appointed (Nov. 15) commander-in-chief of the army of the Loire. On Nov. 28 he attacked the left wing of Prince Frederick Charles at Beaune-la-Rolande, but encountered a severe repulse. On Dec. 2 he was beaten by the grand duke of Mecklenburg at Artenay, and on Dec. 3 Frederick Charles drove him back to the forest of Orleans, renewing the attack the next day and taking possession of the town at midnight, after brisk fighting.

On the same day the French had been thoroughly routed by another detachment of Frederick Charles's army near Chevilly and Chil-leurs, and driven either across or along the Loire above Orleans, thus splitting the army of the Loire into two portions. D'Aurelle was removed from his command. He refused the command of the camp of Cherbourg, as well as the appointment of successor to Gen. Chanzy. As member of the national assembly at Bordeaux he opposed the continuation of the war, and was one of the committee of fifteen appointed to assist Thiers and Favre in arranging the preliminaries of the treaty of peace. He became commander-in-chief of the national guard of the department of the Seine, and in 1872 a member of the court martial for the trial of Marshal Bazaine.